Weightlifting or weightlifting is an Olympic sport that consists of lifting the greatest weight possible, on a steel bar whose ends contain steel discs, which are what determine the final weight of the effort. This element is called haltera.

Weightlifting is one of the oldest sports disciplines. Its origins are located around the year 3600 BC in China, since it was the Chinese emperors who began to practice this exercise of force. Likewise, in the year 1122 BC (during the Chou dynasty) one of the main requirements that soldiers had to meet to be part of the army was to lift a series of weights to measure their strength and their ability to defend their opponents. their country from threats from abroad.

Weightlifting or weightlifting began to gain popularity throughout the Asian continent and managed to reach Europe (specifically Greece), where it began to be one of the most practiced sports and its popularity was such that, in the first Modern Olympiad, held in Athens in 1896, this discipline was included among the Olympic sports. During this time, the sport was played with iron bars with huge metal spheres at the ends.

Currently this dishistoriaciplina has an official organization, in charge of controlling its practices and ensuring that the rules of sport are met, at the same time that it is in charge of preserving the rights that protect its athletes, this organization is called IWF ( International Weightlifting Federation) and was founded in Budapest in 1905. It is important to mention that all the material used in the competitions (bars, discs, platforms, stopwatch, collars, among others) must be approved by the IWF, so that the records achieved in said competitions are valid.

This sport has different categories that measure the work of both men and women, these have been changed over the years as follows:

Weight categories in men: 56 kg, 62 kg, 69 kg, 77 kg, 85 kg, 94 kg, 105 kg and more than 105 kg.

Weight categories in women: 48 kg, 53 kg, 58 kg, 63 kg, 69 kg, 75 kg and more than 75 kg.