War dirty


The “dirty war” is the name used by the Argentine military junta or civil-military dictatorship for the period of state terrorism in Argentina as part of Operation Condor, originally planned by the CIA, from about 1974, during which forces military and security forces and right-wing death squads in the form of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance hunted down any kind of political dissidents.

Around 30,000 people went missing, many of whom were impossible to formally report due to the nature of state terrorism.

The targets were students, militants, trade unionists, writers, journalists, artists, and anyone suspected of being a leftist activist, including Peronist guerrillas. The “disappeared” (kidnapped, tortured, and murdered victims whose bodies were disappeared by the military government) included those thought to be politically or ideologically a threat to the military junta, even vaguely; and were killed in an attempt by the junta to silence social and political opposition.

Most of the members of the Board are currently in prison for crimes against humanity and genocide.

Two decades before the 1976 coup, the military, supported by the Argentine establishment, opposed the populist government of Juan Perón and attempted one coup in 1951 and two in 1955 before succeeding with one later that year known as the Revolución Libertadora. After taking control, the armed forces outlawed Peronism. Shortly after the coup, the Peronist resistance began to organize in workplaces and unions as the working classes sought economic and social improvements.

In 1973, when Perón returned from exile, the Ezeiza massacre marked the end of the alliance between the leftist and rightist factions of Peronism. In 1974, Perón withdrew his support for the Montoneros shortly before his death. During the presidency of his widow, Isabel de El, the far-right paramilitary death squad, the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Triple A), emerged. In 1975, Isabel signed a series of illegal decrees empowering the military and police to “annihilate” left-wing activists.

State Department documents indicate that the Gerald Ford administration, which preceded the Carter administration, was sympathetic to the junta and that Kissinger had managed to strengthen the junta in October 1976 by successfully advising Argentine Foreign Minister César Guzzetti to carry out his anticommunist campaign. policies “before Congress returns.” These documents also reveal that President Carter initially congratulated the Argentine military junta for “fighting left-wing terrorism without quarter.”