The claim is the process in which a good or object is claimed from a person, which has been deprived. Similarly, it can refer to the claim, by an individual, on the authorship or possession of an action. In civil law, the claim or vindication action is a judicial process in which a subject, which is said to have the rights of possession over an object, takes against others, who are the ones who own the entity. The word comes from the Latin word “reivindicare”, being “rei” “thing” and “vindicare” “avenge or defend”, describing the activities carried out under this name.

The civil branch of law is in charge of regulating each of the personal and patrimonial relations, between private and public or physical and legal persons. By putting certain measures in terms of heritage, it involves property rights, the immediate power that allows a person to dispose of a specific object; this makes it under the exclusive use and complete domain of its owner. The latter is very present in those legal doctrines that have been widely influenced by Latin legal teachings; is always protected by law, to prevent it from being the target of any violation or damage.

The property right consists of certain characteristics, such as: moral power, exclusive right, is a perfect right, limited by certain legal requirements, and perpetual. In the event that a person manages to deprive the owner of a property of this, a claim could be initiated against him.