verbal intelligence


It is the ability to use words effectively, either orally or in writing. That is, the ability of a person to express what they think or feel, either in written or spoken form, and where there must be a code, (the same language). The human being created the spoken and written language, since then, through signs and symbols, this language has been one of the main transmitters of culture, the way for the expression of thoughts and feelings, the tool of social transactions par excellence. and the structure where the communication that man sustains is inserted.

Verbal intelligence is the most recognized in the teaching-learning of a foreign language because it encompasses reading, writing, listening and speaking. This intelligence assumes a sensitivity to oral or written language and the ability to use language to achieve success in anything. “Includes the ability to use syntax, phonetics, semantics and pragmatic uses of language (rhetoric, mnemonics, explanation and metalanguage)”.

  • Rhetoric: refers to the ability to convince others about a situation; that is, the power of conviction.
  • The explanatory: refers to the ability to explain concepts and ideas.
  • The memory: allows you to store information to be recalled later.
  • The meta-linguistic: is the ability to reflect on the use of language.

Calling linguistic or verbal ability an intelligence is consistent with the position of traditional psychology, as it is with logical intelligence. For example, a specific area of ​​the brain called “Brocca’s area” is responsible for the production of grammatical sentences. A lesion in this area of ​​the brain, has the ability to understand words and sentences, but has trouble constructing sentences even simple. At the same time, other mental processes may be completely unharmed.

The gift of language is universal, and its development in children is surprisingly similar across cultures. Even for deaf people who were not specifically taught sign language, children often “invent” their own sign language and use it surreptitiously. We see that an intelligence can operate independently.

For his part, Armstrong says that people like to read, write and tell stories; «… they are good at memorizing names, places or dates; they learn best by speaking, listening and looking at words; in addition, they have sensitivity for sounds, rhythm, the meaning of words and for the different functions of language».

According to Campbell, verbal intelligence has four essential skills that are developed by individuals and are important to improve in girls and boys to achieve optimal performance, that is: listening, speaking, reading and writing.

  • Listening: People need to listen to learn to use the spoken word effectively and eloquently, emphasizing that poor mastery of this skill can lead to school failure, misunderstanding and physical injury.
  • Speaking: This becomes another important skill that needs a strong dose of practice and encouragement to develop, as well as making more complex and logical sentences.