vasculitis


Vasculitis is a pathology that occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the blood vessels due to confusion, which will cause these vessels to become inflamed, usually this usually occurs when an infection is suffered, as a result of the ingestion of some drug or because of pathologies or associated alterations. This can cause pain in the affected area and can complicate the situation if the affected vessel is of vital importance.

The possible causes of why vasculitis occurs are still not clear, however there are those who claim that it is an autoimmune pathology (when the immune system attacks the body itself), it is also believed that reactions to certain types of drugs is the reason for certain types of vasculitis, hereditary factors could be another influencing factor in its appearance.

There are 11 types of vasculitis in total, classified by the region where they occur and their size, in addition to the results of biopsies.

  • Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN).
  • Microscopic polyarteritis (PAM).
  • Churg Strauss granulomatous and allergic vasculitis.
  • Vasculitis due to hypersensitivity.
  • Wegener’s granulomatosis.
  • Giant cell arteritis, temporal arteritis or Horton’s disease.
  • Takayasu’s arteritis.
  • Burger’s disease.
  • Behcet’s disease.
  • Kawasaki disease.
  • Primary vasculitis of the central nervous system.

The symptoms of vasculitis can vary depending on the type and through them exhaustive tests are carried out where vasculitis can finally be diagnosed, however there are general symptoms that are common in all types, such as fever, constant fatigue, loss of body mass and nausea.

The treatment for vasculitis can be variable depending on the type of vasculitis, however there are treatments that are common in these cases, such as the administration of drugs such as anti-inflammatory drugs that do not include steroids, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants and cytotoxic drugs in their dosage. , doctors recommend that before self-medicating with any of these drugs, the patient consults a specialist and that he be the one to do it.