A university is an institution of higher education, divided into faculties according to the specialties of study that it can offer. The term also applies to the building for higher education. The modern University was born in Western Europe in the thirteenth century as an autonomous community of teachers and students who came together to share academic facilities and accommodation. It is an institution organized for the mutual benefit and legal protection of this group.

what is college

The definition of university comes from the abbreviation of the Latin expression universitas magistrorum et scholarium (guild -or union- of teachers and students) and, as mentioned before, it is an institution that is responsible for providing higher education to a a certain group of people who have previously completed a basic level of education (primary and secondary). This institution is in charge of granting disciplinary titles to its students after they have successfully completed their educational period.

In principle, the university guild was medieval and they had prominence thanks to the permissions and collective rights that the princes and members of the nobility granted. The idea of ​​creating this figure was the freedom of knowledge, granting academic degrees that would allow the renown of certain people due to their great knowledge and that, in addition, these would be taken into account in different aspects of life. The concept of university is quite specific, but it also covers other important aspects, for example, its origin and history of the university.

The origin of the university

Before even knowing what the university is, it is very important to know its origin. This is one of the oldest institutions in history, beginning with the title of cathedral schools, then they were known as general studium until, in the year 533, thanks to Justinian, they began to be called Universitas (just like the name on their definition).

According to history, these institutions were born from the twelfth century, due to the conflicts that arose between scholars from different disciplines and the Catholic Church. The origin of the university goes beyond knowledge, it also has to do with power and that was recorded in history.

history of the university

Its appearance is European, despite the fact that in the past there were already some schools that taught higher education, for example, the University of Constantinople, created in the year 340 but, legally (or historically) history confirms the appearance of these institutions in Europe to end of the twelfth century and beginning of the thirteenth. It was between these centuries, specifically in the year 1088, that the University of Bologna was created, known for being the mother of universities throughout the world (whose specialty is law).

After them, more universities were created throughout Europe, including Oxford, created in 1096, Cambridge in 1208, Carolina of Prague in 1348, Complutense University of Madrid in 1499, among others. They were all created in order to educate and be educated, to have a conglomeration of people who had a firm objective: Learn, teach, use knowledge in different ways and create a gap in the world between what is correct, what has been learned and an uncertain future. full of theories and knowledge that would change the world.

Elements of a university


Like any term, universities have a series of elements that not only characterize them, but are also their Achilles heel. If one of these elements is missing, then you are not dealing with a higher education institution and you have to be quite clear about that. The sense of belonging is that it makes people realize that the educational institution is something beyond a simple infrastructure that welcomes a group of people.

It is the career that is studied, the alma mater (philosophical but important term), the campus that makes up that institution, the development of the knowledge obtained there and, consequently, the scientific development that little by little is going to be used. All this manages to form an institution that creates freedoms, applies doctrines, expands knowledge and trains a group of professionals willing to give their best in daily life.


It is the specific study of a discipline, including, of course, everything related to it (from history to disciplines that collaborate with it). Careers are studied at universities and the objective is to obtain a university degree that validates the years of study and that, in addition, demonstrates that the person is qualified to pursue said career at a professional level in work areas.

Many universities tend to specialize in the development of curricula or study programs in very specific professions and, in fact, these types of academic methods have made them famous for the number of trained professionals who come out of the faculties of different careers. For example, the University of Cambridge is famous for its high level of education, multiple students from different European countries, the command of more than English and French, and for its graduates, including Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein.

The Alma Mater

It is a metaphorical and philosophical term to refer to a higher education institution. Its genesis comes from the word Nutricia Mother, since it feeds and nourishes the knowledge in the minds of each one of the people who have studied university degrees. The locution of this word began to be used after the creation of the University of Bologna, referring to the mother of universities and the feeling of belonging to it, denoting pride and gratitude at the same time.

The Campus

It is nothing more than the buildings and grounds that make up the university institution. The campus, also known as university campus, began to be used formally in the mid-20th century as a whole to refer to the university (including libraries, halls, hospitals, if applicable, laboratories, museums, parks, colleges, schools, areas sports, shops, cafeterias, student residences, etc). Campus is also considered the cyber space used by teachers and students to complete tasks or homework (educational websites).

The development of knowledge

These educational centers not only exist to train future professionals in different areas, but also to promote free thought on various topics, from religious, sociological and political. It is a space for each person to find themselves, notice their potential and the level of courage they have to face each test that comes their way.

This development is imperative and each student will get their own according to their abilities. Precisely for this reason, when the student completes his degree and becomes a professional, society has gained a new human being, someone with a broader way of seeing things.

scientific development

This could be one of the most important sections of the post, because, thanks to the universities, different cures for diseases have been discovered, countless scientific methods have been created, technologies that have been gradually overcome and endless practices that They have changed the world. This is where the alma mater takes on more life, more prominence, because the student, together with his teacher, will see what he has been capable of (regardless of whether it is history or not), he has developed his potential and gone far with his knowledge. For practical tests, there is Albert Einstein.

university types

When people refer to higher education institutions, they automatically think of huge campuses, diverse studios, rigorous professors, and huge tuition to pay. However, you have to know that there are really 3 types of university: public, private and open. Each one of them has the same objective: To train a wide group of people so that they can face working life in their native country or in any part of the world, providing them with knowledge about the career they have studied, political, social and moral information.

Public university

It is an institution financed by the State, and may be from a national government or by subnational entities. This means that the student body does not have to pay for a study registration because there is already an entity (call it the government or organisms) that covers all the expenses that studying entails (paying for cleaning, food, infrastructure, etc.). Most of the existing public universities in the world are responsible for open research on various topics.

Private university

Unlike the previous one, this institution does not have financing from a government or any government entity, therefore, it requires the payment of a special tuition that varies according to the career that the student applies, of course, presenting an application prior to study at these institutions. The reduction of budgets or political changes are not something that affect this type of university (to the public ones, this represents a big problem). Another way for these universities to finance themselves is through patents for research carried out in their territory or donations.

open university

It is a way to pursue higher education without having to attend campus. This means that the classes are remote, that implies that the internet is used 100%. The most outstanding benefits are the flexibility of schedule (excellent for those people who have difficulties to attend face-to-face classes on a university campus.

The most important universities in Mexico


People will always want to know which is the best institution of higher education to pursue their studies, after all, the more renowned the university, the more accepted your university degree will be in companies or in workplaces anywhere in the world, in this case, of the Mexican territory. Next, some of the most important universities in Mexico will be discussed.


It is the National Autonomous University of Mexico, public and one of the best universities in Latin America. It is known for containing majors in arts, technology, and research. Its campus is one of the largest in the world and meets a fairly high student enrollment, so, in addition to being famous, it is important for Mexicans, practically a national and cultural heritage in the territory. UNAM was founded in 1910 and since then it has embraced endless students who have made a difference throughout Mexico.

University of Guanajuato

It is also a public institution of higher and higher education. It is located in the state of Guanajuato and its specialties lie in offering educational programs in all areas of knowledge, including 72 bachelor’s degrees, 49 master’s degrees, 22 doctorates, 25 specialties, 2 at higher university technical levels, general high school studies with 10 locations distributed throughout the State, 4 preparatory areas in the bivalent baccalaureate system and online studies at upper secondary, higher, postgraduate and certification levels. The University of Guanajuato is the second best institution in Mexico.

University of the South

It is a private university located in Chiapas that offers careers in the areas of social sciences, humanities and behavioral, economics, industry and health. It is known for its large enrollment of students who, despite knowing the cost of it, continue to study at the institution due to their educational journey. The University of the South is one of the most prestigious private institutions in all of Mexico.

Insurgents University

It is a university in which you can get specialties in less time than a conventional university. The Insurgentes University offers at least 25 careers to study in morning and evening shifts and has educational plans similar to those of UNAM.

University panameric

It is a private institution (of Catholic origin) whose foundation took place in 1976 and is located in Guadalajara. The Pan-American University was known for being a business institution, but little by little they were adding more careers in different areas. This institution has 3 campuses throughout Guadalajara and an official headquarters.