UNICEF is known as the acronym for United Nations Children’s Fund (United Nations Children’s Fund), is a global agency of the United Nations Organization (UN) dedicated to children. UNICEF works on the ground in 160 developing and transition countries to help children survive and thrive.

UNICEF was born in 1946 to meet an urgent need recognized by all States in the First Assembly of the United Nations: help displaced children and refugees in Europe at the end of World War II. Little by little, UNICEF was acquiring responsibilities of greater geographic and temporal scope, consolidating itself and thus becoming universal.

More than 7,000 people around the world work at UNICEF with a mission to promote and protect the rights of children. They contribute to their well-being through cooperative programs that help them survive and fully develop into adulthood.

This organization is financed through public and private donations, it supplies food, essential medicines, vaccines, medical equipment, pest control and materials for education, it also predominates health care and emergency situations. In general, these contributions are given more in underdeveloped countries.

UNICEF currently works towards the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations in 2000, its priorities are child survival and development, basic education and gender equality, the fight against AIDS, protection of children against violence , exploitation and abuse, and promotion of policies and associations in favor of children’s rights.

There are four basic levels of work in UNICEF: field offices and regional offices, responsible for offering technical advice and program management in each country; the national committees, which carry out the work of promotion, education and fundraising to carry out the activities; and the headquarters, whose function is strategic planning and coordination, its headquarters is in New York.

The governing body of UNICEF is the Board of Directors, which is composed of 36 members, representing the five regional groups of United Nations Member States, and establishes policies, approves programs and makes decisions on administrative, financial plans and budgets. On the other hand, there are Goodwill Ambassadors around the world, which are numerous celebrities who advocate for national and international children.

For all its actions contributing to the full development of children, UNICEF has received awards such as the Nobel Peace Prize (in 1965) and the Prince of Asturias Award for Concord (in 2006). In 1989, the organization succeeded in having the Convention on the Rights of the Child declared a world charter by the UN.