Thyroid cancer


It is called thyroid cancer when there is an uncontrolled proliferation of the cells of the tissue that makes up the thyroid, which produces the formation of a malignant tumor that develops in the internal part of said gland, the appearance of this type of cancer is low compared to others, with women being more affected compared to men, the risk of suffering from it can increase with advancing age, those who have received some radiotherapy treatment in the neck region are more likely to develop it, it is usually detected in its initial stage which makes it less dangerous than others, however it can reappear over time.

The main causes that are held responsible for its appearance are the following:

  • History in the family of cases of thyroid cancer.
  • Radiation exposures, if this is the case, the disease can manifest up to 40 years after the time of irradiation, as the exposure increases, the probability of cancer appearance also increases.
  • High levels of TSH, as this can lead to growth of carcinomas that form due to goiters.
  • Paralysis of the vocal cords.

The characteristic symptoms that may reflect the presence of thyroid cancer are constant pain in the cervical region and the ears, swallowing food becomes more complicated due to the pain that occurs, external protuberances in the neck area, suffering from constantly having an asthma attack, the sound of the voice becomes hoarse, in some cases people do not suffer from any symptoms, which becomes a problem to detect it and its subsequent treatment.

There are three treatments that are used to eradicate thyroid cancer, the first is surgery, where the doctor proceeds to intervene on the patient in order to remove the tumor in its entirety or most of it, in some cases it is It is necessary to remove the gland, because it is very compromised, in other cases it is also necessary to remove the glands. The second method is by radioiodine, this is complementary to the first, since it is applied to eliminate the remains of affected tissue, which have remained after surgery. Finally, there is treatment with the administration of thyroid hormones, which is a mandatory method after removal of the gland.