Taste is one of the five senses of living beings, through which the different flavors of things are perceived and recognized. The sense of taste resides in external sensory receptors called taste buds, which are found primarily on the tongue. On the surface of this there are a large number of prominences called taste buds, which have various shapes (calyx, fungus, corolla, thread). Papillae are also located to a lesser extent on the soft palate and throat.

what is taste

The definition of taste indicates that it is the ability to capture substances through taste receptors located on the tongue. It can also be taken for the concept of taste to the bodily sense that enables the detection of chemical substances (waste) in the mouth, which usually come from food.

Sense of taste

The sense of taste is located in external sensory receptors known as taste buds located on the tongue.

The tongue, for its part, is a fibrous organ located in the inner part of the mouth or oral cavity. Flavor is defined as the perception caused by a food or other substance when placed in the mouth. Taste influences flavor, but also texture and smell.

The human being is capable of perceiving four basic tastes: sweet, salty, bitter and sour. Each of these flavors is perceived in specific areas of the tongue: bitter flavors are perceived on the back; on the sides, the citrus; and at the top, the salty and sweet ones. The other flavors captured on the tongue are simply combinations of these.

On the other hand, the concept of taste is the satisfaction or delight that is experienced for some reason or that is received from anything. It is nothing more than the pleasure or pleasant sensation that the person feels in satisfying her inclinations, even when they are temporary. For example: How happy I will be to see my son graduating!

It is also considered that the meaning of taste is related to the faculty and personal way of appreciating the beautiful or the ugly. For example: Seeing your clothes, I can tell that you have good taste in clothes.

Parts and physiology of taste

Taste - The tongue

There are six parts of taste, which are mentioned below:

  • The Tongue: is the organ capable of accepting the greatest number of taste stimuli, since, at the moment of swallowing certain drinks or foods, the tongue is the first to come into contact with these substances. It simplifies tasting, making people understand the bad or the good of their food.

    The different parts of the tongue fulfill different functions to distinguish flavors, since it is not possible to perceive salty, sweet, bitter or acid flavors in the same areas.

    At the lateral ends of the tongue the acid is assimilated and at the tip of the tongue the sweet taste is perceived. On the other hand, at the end, near the tonsils, the bitterness can be captured, a circumstance that causes individuals to close their eyes or produce grimaces or gestures. Very close to the tip you can detect the saltiness.

  • The Palate: in it are certain cells that allow the capture of flavors, since when food enters the oral cavity, it is crushed by the teeth and the movements are caused by the tongue; this phase causes the food to collide with the palate, which is located in the upper area of ​​the mouth, at first it is hard, but at the end towards the throat, it is soft.
  • Uvula: this is located where the palate ends and before the throat begins, the uvula is a fragment of meat that hangs in the shape of a bell. It can perceive flavors in a fairly minimal percentage.
  • The lips: it is the fleshy part that defines them and protects the internal areas that make up the mouth, such as the teeth. The lips have sensitivity, which allows them to perceive its flavor when they come into contact with food, even though they do so to a lesser extent.
  • The Epiglottis: this is where the digestive tube begins that directs food to the stomach. This section can perceive the flavors of food. An example would be that when consuming a fairly acidic food, its flavor in all the taste sections will be maintained for a longer time, so that, when it reaches the digestive tract, it will be appreciated almost as strongly.
  • Taste buds: the taste buds are located on the tongue, since they are what give it that rough appearance.

    The papillae are responsible for distinguishing the flavors of food. They capture flavor signals and transfer them to the brain, causing responses and signals to organisms, which range from suddenly moving an arm, spitting or jumping if something is perceived to be very spicy.

    These papillae make individuals choose the type of food, according to their liking, among them are drinks, desserts, vegetables, fruits, among others, which can be sweet, acid, salty or bitter.

The mission of taste is to accept the selection of foods, to differentiate between edible and poisonous substances.

Therefore, the definition of taste, in philosophy, is the section of the study of taste that is responsible for the analysis and investigation of the mechanisms through which food and elements that enter the mouth are captured and approved, it is the part of the body where its receptors are located.

In order to have a clear definition of taste, it is important to differentiate the meaning of flavor and the meaning of taste. For its part, the flavor integrates all the sensory information captured in the mouth: taste, smell, texture and temperature. On the other hand, taste provides information about the identity of the food, its affectivity and its concentration (like or dislike).

There is an erroneous belief about taste perception that there are only four classes of basic flavors, whose receptors are located in a fragmented way and exclusively in certain areas of the tongue.

Another recently accepted flavor is the “savory”, estimated as the fifth basic flavor, others have been considered, but have not yet been approved, among which are the fat and metallic flavors.

Functions and importance of the sense of taste

The main function of the sense of taste is that it allows us to distinguish the flavor of food; the importance of this is that it allows you to select drinks and food depending on the interests of each individual, or also according to nutritional needs.

This sense works by connecting soluble chemicals with the tongue. The human being has the ability to capture a wide variety of flavors in response to the mixture of various stimuli, including odors, temperatures, textures and taste.

Diseases that affect the sense of taste

Certainly, diseases of smell or taste have been complicated to diagnose and treat, this is constantly due to the lack of understanding and knowledge of these senses and their disease states. A change in taste may be a secondary cause in some disease states, or it may be the main symptom.

There are four diseases considered the most important, which are:


It is known by this name to the decrease of the capacities of the human being to taste.


It is called in this way the total loss of the ability to taste.


Dysgeusia is understood as the capacity that one has in a distorted way to taste.


In this case, the subject presents almost complete loss or absence of the ability to taste.

taste care

It is one of the most complete senses along with touch at the level of sensations, the sense of taste for children is very important during their development, which is why it must be taken care of under certain simple recommendations to avoid its deterioration and loss of taste, which sometimes it even goes in combination with other senses such as loss of smell and taste, among these are the following:

  1. Periodically visit the dentist.
  2. Avoid excessive consumption of acidic or highly seasoned foods.
  3. Avoid the consumption of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages, as they cause taste alterations.

Natural remedies to recover the sense of taste

There are a large number of natural remedies to help improve and restore taste, and that serve as a treatment for diseases of the same, such as dysgeusia, hypogeusia, etc. Some of those remedies are:

  • Ginger Remedy: This is one of the most effective methods to restore taste, as ginger has many benefits. To prepare it, mix a tablespoon of grated ginger in a cup of water and bring it to a boil for about 5 minutes. You should drink one to two cups a day.
  • Cinnamon and honey remedy: this combination is ideal to help with the treatment to improve dysgeusia, for example. Only organic honey and cinnamon powder should be mixed in equal parts and said preparation is placed on the tongue, rubbed and left for about 10 minutes, then rinsed with warm water.
  • Curry leaf remedy: Curry leaves are used as a taste stimulant. To prepare this remedy you should crush a handful of fresh curry leaves and pour it into a cup of hot water. It should be left to stand for several minutes and strained, served and taken at least twice a day.

Other meanings of the term

This word can be adapted to many situations depending on the context, for example, it can refer to physical or emotional attraction to another person or simply feel attracted to a specific object or situation, because of this it is normal to hear the phrase “my taste is” to refer to personal preferences.

On the other hand, a synonym for liking would be to please, it is also common to observe the term in certain everyday sayings such as “frights that give pleasure” or “between taste and taste”.

Personal tastes

Taste - Personal and guilty tastes

It refers to the preferences in any aspect, both from the physical and emotional point of view that a particular person has. For example, have a coffee, buy some shoes, etc.

guilty pleasures

It refers to all those pleasures that people really like, but that many prefer to remain silent and not acknowledge publicly. For example, staying in bed all day watching movies and eating junk food

good and bad taste

It is a very subjective issue that tries to separate the ideal from the erroneous, since the preferences of each person are very varied. For example, for some people tattoos and piercings may be in bad taste, but for others they are not.

Feel comfortable

It consists of the feeling of well-being in the face of a situation or someone in particular, it also goes hand in hand with self-esteem and saying “I like myself a lot”.


Expression used when you know a person, to show sympathy and cordiality.

Frequently Asked Questions about Gusto

What is liking?

It refers to the action of feeling attraction or sympathy for a particular person, object or situation.

What is a guilty pleasure?

They are those pleasures that people have but prefer not to make public out of shame or discomfort in society.

How to take care of the sense of taste?

Among the most common tips are visiting the dentist continuously, avoiding the consumption of spicy, highly seasoned or acidic foods and avoiding alcohol consumption.

How to recover smell and taste?

There is a variety of home remedies to help restore the senses, most of them based on ginger, honey and curry.

How to know if someone likes you?

Based on the actions and behavior of the other person, however, the most effective way to know is when the person expresses it to you.