The word surplus comes from Latin roots, from the word “superavit”, from the entry “superāre” which means “to exceed” or “to exceed”. Surplus is a term whose use has a greater boom in the field of economy and commerce to refer to a set of profits or surpluses in activities of an economic nature or to goods in excess of what is necessary. Therefore, it is that the important dictionary of the Spanish Royal Academy defines the word surplus as “the excess of credit or flow over the debit or obligations of the box, in the commercial field.”

In an economic context, surplus is generally used to refer to those incomes that are superior or outstanding compared to expenses, for a certain period of time. But when the difference is not positive and the income does not exceed the expenses, it refers to a deficit situation that occurs on the contrary when the so-called expenses exceed the income or input.

On the other hand, when mention is made regarding the surplus in a State sense, it refers to large numbers; It depends on that combination that the state must make to different external organizations, and in addition to each one of the income that said state manages to collect, which could be through customs, fees, taxes, interest, exchanges, etc.

It should be noted that the surplus for a State is of great vitality since it allows it to have more freedom when making different decisions, and does not have the need to depend on the help of other states or international organizations, which often do not benefit at all. to the state. Finally, in foreign trade, a country can find itself in surplus when the number of exports exceeds the number of imports.