Sumo


Sumo. It is a sport where two opposing wrestlers or rikishi face each other in a circular area. The sport is of Japanese origin and maintains much of the ancient tradition.
The Japanese consider sumo a “gendai budō”, a modern Japanese martial art. Due to its origin, it maintains a large part of the ancient Shinto tradition. Despite the large number of Shinto rituals before and after the fight.

Sumo has a history of over a thousand years. It has a certain similarity to boxing and wrestling, and a sport similar to sumo is practiced in Russia and in North and South Korea. Additionally, you can find references to the sport in historical records from India and China, as well as see sumo frescoes on ancient Greek murals.

Ancient history also tells us that the winner in sumo sports competitions received the highest prize during the Olympic Games festival. Therefore, it can be said that sumo was practiced all over the world in ancient times, regardless of the differences between East and West.

The earliest reference to sumo in Japanese history is its use in mythological times in a duel. The history of sumo really begins in the 8th century when it was practiced for the emperor at banquets. Since then, sumo became one of the regular performances staged for court banquets every year and this tradition continued for more than 400 years. These bouts were not held on a dohyo but in a square in front of the Shishin-den (imperial throne room). With the development of feudalism after the 10th century and the dominance of the warrior class, sumo began to be widely practiced as a fighting technique among warriors (1192-1580).

The rules of the sport are simple: the first wrestler to touch the ground with any part of their body except their feet is eliminated. A wrestler who uses an illegal technique or kinjite is eliminated. If a wrestler loses his mawashi (the only clothing worn during a sumo game), he is eliminated. Sumo athletes are renowned for their large size, as body mass is a deciding factor in sumo.

Characterized by sumo rings are known as dohyō. Dohyō is made of clay with sand scattered on its surface. It measures between 34 and 60 cm in height. The circle is approximately 4.55m in diameter and is bounded by a large rice rope called a tawara, which is buried in the clay.