Sumerian religion


The Sumerian religion describes the mythology, mausoleum, cosmology, and cults of the Sumerian culture. The Sumerian religion transcended throughout Mesopotamian paganism, subsisting in the ways of the mythologies and religions of the Babylonians, Akkadians, Assyrians and among other cultural groups. In this way, the Sumerian, Babylonian, and Akkadian deities were equal, except for the superior of these latter, who was Marduk. It is very difficult to know how the Sumerians managed to develop their religious ideas, which, moreover, would leave so many traces in later religions.

The Sumerian religion displays serious difficulties of identity, due to the fact that its principles were very hastily merged with the beliefs of the Semites and it is now very difficult to separate the defined religious characteristics of each ethnic group, it is said that the great part of the written creation was transcribed by Semitic and not Sumerian interpreters, in the sketches of the Sumerian-Akkadian religion there is much more authority from the Semitic schools than from the Sumerian ones.

The Sumerian legends were originally given by oral practice until the invention of writing. Prehistoric Sumerian cuneiform writing was primarily used as an instrument of administrative regulation, and it was not until the Archaic Monarchic period around 2900 B.C. C. and 2334 a. C., when the religious messages would become consecutive, especially the praise songs of the temple and as a form of incantation or incantation called nam-šub which means to cast or issue, which together with confusing rites could make a person get well

The Sumerians professed that in the beginning it was the sea that fertilized the universe, formed by an arched sky and a terrestrial disk, distant and at the same time united by an immense space in movement and relaxation, whose ownership declined to Enlil, god of the wind. ; out of that space or sky, some luminous elements called moon, sun, and stars were founded, later on the earth, the forests, the mountains, the man.

To take control of all these elements, the four greatest and most powerful gods created other immortal beings, superior, of human physique, but enormously more perfect and invisible, these were the demigods, all of them constituting the Sumerian pantheon.