Stye


A stye is a painful, pus-filled swelling on the eyelid that can be caused by an infection in the eyelash follicles. Another probable cause of a stye is inflammation of the sebaceous gland located in the eyelid. Styes receive their name according to their location, if they appear on the outside of the eyelid, they are called external styes and if, on the contrary, they appear on the inside of the eyelid, they are called internal styes. It is not a serious infection, but it is very painful, as it is accompanied by pus and is very common in children.

medical definition

In the medical field, styes are called “hordeolum”. According to medicine, these occur when the sebaceous gland called the glands of Zeiss or Moll, which is located on the edge of the eyelids, becomes infected. These are formed due to a multiplication of germs in that area. There are two types of styes, external and internal. Internal styes are slower to heal, because they are located far from the edge of the eyelids and the abscess cannot be easily drained, in these cases it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Causes

The main cause in the formation of styes is an infection caused by staphylococcus (bacteria that lives on the skin or in the nose), when it comes into contact with the edge of the eyelids. Avoid touching your eyes with dirty hands, do not remove makeup at night.

Chronic blepharitis, or inflammation of the eyelids, usually affects both eyes and causes irritation and redness. The sebaceous gland is attached to the eyelash follicle and is the producer of an oily substance called “sebum” that keeps the eyelashes lubricated, when it becomes infected it produces a stye.

An infection of the apocrine gland, which produces sweat around the lash follicles, secretes a fluid that binds to the tear duct to cover the eye and prevent it from drying out.

Symptoms

  • swollen eyelids
  • Redness of the skin in the affected area.
  • Difficulty and discomfort when blinking.
  • Light sensitive.
  • Tingling, burning, itching and pain in the affected area.
  • Lagañas that appear in a short time.
  • Grit or foreign body sensation in the eye.
  • Constant tearing.
  • Small yellow or red dots much like a pimple about to be drained.

Treatment for styes

The eye is a direct supplier of the blood and lymphatic system, for this reason it is advisable to consult the doctor and that he be the one who recommends antibiotics either in ointments, eye drops and in some cases orally.

In case surgery is necessary, the stye must be drained by a doctor, making an incision over the abscess and thus allowing the pus to come out.
Styes are usually very painful, so pain relievers should be taken to relieve the pain.

home remedies for styes

Stye

The most used home treatment for eyes infected with styes are hot water compresses, these can be done with moistened cloths or pieces of cotton, placed on the affected part for a period of 10 minutes and repeated at least four times up to date.

Another way to cure a stye is by strongly rubbing your index finger on your hand and after feeling that it is hot, place it on the affected area, repeat at least four times a day.

A combination of chamomile and rosemary turns out to be a very effective remedy to cure styes. Chamomile relieves pain and discomfort while rosemary has antibacterial properties, ideal for fighting infection if there is pus. Chamomile flowers and rosemary stems should be placed in boiling water for 5 minutes, wait until the infusion is lukewarm and wash the affected eye with sterile gauze at least twice a day.

Another plant that has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties is aloe vera, also known as aloe vera, due to its qualities it is capable of reducing inflammation and preventing the spread of bacterial infection. The method of preparation is as follows: take an aloe vera leaf, open it in the middle and extract the gel from its interior, then rub the gel on the eye with light massages. It is left for at least 20 minutes in the affected area and then removed with warm water or an infusion of chamomile.

How to remove internal stye

The internal stye also called meibomian stye arises when the meibomian glands of the eyelids become infected. This type of stye forms in the inner part of the eye, between the eyelid and the eyeball. This kind of stye develops quickly, usually within a few days, and causes a painful, red bump with a small yellow dot in the center.

While it is true that styes improve in a few days and tend to disappear without causing major problems. It is also possible that certain complications may arise, such as the appearance of a chalazion, which is the formation of a cyst in the eyelid due to the inflammation of the meibomian gland. The chalazion, unlike the stye, is larger and takes months to disappear. This complication should be consulted with the ophthalmologist as soon as possible, since in some cases it requires a surgical intervention and the application of a treatment of antibiotics.

Styes should not be squeezed, touched, punctured, rubbed, much less tried to remove, as the infection can spread and cause damage to the lacrimal glands and the eyeball. Hygiene and cleanliness measures must be extreme in the affected area and thus prevent infections. Wearing makeup is not recommended until the eye has completely healed. To avoid transmitting the infection to the healthy eye, it is not recommended to wear contact lenses while the inflammation persists.

As noted above, a doctor should be consulted before applying any type of medication, due to the relationship between the eye and the lymphatic and blood systems.