Stomach flu


Gastroenteritis is known as an inflammation that presents the inner membrane of the intestine, which can be caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. This viral pathology occupies the second place of the most common diseases within the territory of the United States, being its main cause, an infection generated by a norovirus, which can be spread through food or water that are contaminated with the virus and also through direct contact with an infected person. The best option to prevent this pathology is to wash your hands constantly. Among its most frequent symptoms are diarrhea, pain in the abdominal region, frequent vomiting, headache, fever and chills. People can usually recover without needing any treatment.

The term “gastroenteritis” was used for the first time in 1824. But before this term came into use, this pathology was known under the name of typhoid fever, cholera morbus, among others.

Gastroenteritis is usually transmitted through direct contact infection: in such contact, pathogens reach objects and surfaces from the stool and vomit of infected people. It is then when the transmission of the same begins, in those cases where the lack of hygiene is the protagonist, the pathogens can even reach the mouth of other individuals through the hands and consequently, to their stomach and intestine, which will lead to contagion. Experts define this form of infection as fecal-oral transmission.

Due to poor hygienic conditions, as is common in developing countries, the agents that cause gastroenteritis are also commonly transmitted through drinking water or food contaminated by toxic agents.

Generally, when people are in good health, the treatment of gastroenteritis is limited to replacing fluids, electrolytes, and nutrients that are lost due to constant diarrhea. Therefore it is very important to drink plenty of fluids, especially mineral water, alkaline lemonade or herbal teas without sugar. If the origin of gastroenteritis is bacterial, patients sometimes have to take specific drugs to combat pathogens.