In linguistics, more specifically in pragmatics, it is a speech act, in which sentences or expressions are used to refer a certain message to a receiver, regardless of the words used and their order. On some occasions, this word is taken as a synonym for prayer, which can be wrong in various contexts; These, it should be noted, have some similarities, but the truth is that they are elements that complement each other. The differences, meanwhile, are much more marked in the pragmatic field. In other meanings, the statements can be those texts, of great brevity, in which problems or exercises are exposed, generally mathematical or related.

To better understand the concept, within pragmatics, about the statement, it is necessary, in the first instance, to know about it. This field of linguistics, which is, in turn, studied by the philosophy of language, responds to the need of speech scholars to know how the context can be a decisive factor for the final interpretation that the receiver can give to the speech. message; in other words, it studies the meaning behind each sentence, assigning it a pragmatic sense. This is related to the previous use raised above, where sentence and statement are taken as synonyms. An example would be: «I want you to buy grapes», «can you buy grapes?», «buy grapes, please», «do you want to buy grapes?», here, the sentences are different, but the pragmatic statement remains the same .

Some rules, on the conformation of the statements, have been issued, and cover from the reformulation and ramblings, to the choice of the lexicon that corresponds to the occasion. The structure, for example, is responsible for regulating the existence of hesitations, interruptions, among other difficulties. The lexicon, for its part, tries to appropriate the words chosen according to the topic and the environment. The form, in addition, is very careful, since it can lead to vulgarities or disorganization.