South America


South America is the southern subcontinent of America that was subdued by the Iberian conquerors during the 16th century who wanted to dominate the continent for 300 years. It presents a great climatic and geographical division, highlighting the Amazon jungles, the steep peaks of the Andes mountain range, the arid desert of Atacama, Atacama islands, remote islands such as the Galapagos and Fernando de Noronha, paradisiacal beaches in the Caribbean and the Atlantic and the harsh landscapes of Patagonia.

The Cordillera de los Andes is the main mountain range that runs through almost all of western South America, traveling through countries such as Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia as it passes through Venezuela, it is at the highest point in the country, for On one side is Bolívar Peak, 5,000 meters above sea level, and is within the Sierra Nevada de América Natural Park.

The Amazon is a part of the central and northern region of South America that includes the tropical forest of the Amazon basin, between the Guianas massif and the Brazilian shield or massif and east to west from the Atlantic Ocean to the Andes. of the Andes and its enormous surface is 7,000,000 km2, which occupies the territories of Brazil and to a lesser extent those of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Suriname, etc.

The paradisiacal beaches found in the Caribbean comprise the region located between North America and South America bathed by the coasts of the Caribbean Sea, which has more than 4000 kilometers of coastline, of which more than half corresponds to spaces full of golden sand. .