Silk Road


It is called the Silk Road to a set of commercial routes organized specifically for the trade with silk from the 1st century BC. C., which covered almost the entire continent of Asia, connecting Mongolia with China, the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Europe, Syria, Turkey, Arabia and Persia. This legendary through which caravans trading products from the East and West traveled for centuries, in addition to this it also functioned as a bridge through which ideas, knowledge and also the foundations of Buddhism and Islam were transmitted.

The name “Silk Road” was invented by the German-born geographer Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen, who used it for the first time in 1877 in his work “Old and New Approaches to the Silk Road”. The idea of ​​the name arose because silk was the most traded merchandise that circulated along this route, whose manufacture was a secret that only the Chinese possessed. The inhabitants of ancient Rome were the ones who showed the most interest in silk, considering it a luxurious material, those in charge of making this material known in that region were the Parthians, who dedicated themselves to its trade, in addition to silk a great A variety of products were traded through these routes, such as diamonds, rubies, stone, wool, ivory, spices, glass, coral, among others.

Specialists assure that this route existed as a space for exchanges of different types since the Paleolithic, being a remnant of what was the Jade Route, which existed approximately 7,000 years ago. It is believed that these paths arose as a result of the curiosity of the Chinese emperor Wu of the Han dynasty for the distant civilizations that lived in the western regions. At that time, the Roman and Greek peoples used the denomination of “country of the Beings” to denominate China a. During the time of Christianity, the inhabitants of the empire who became great admirers of silk after having obtained it thanks to the Parthians, who at that time were in charge of this trade.