Scoliosis


At the level of the back, a long bony stem made up of numerous pieces that are interconnected and superimposed on each other is observed, being called “spine”, this bony configuration generates protection for the spinal cord, which is a long thick cord 50 cm long made up of spinal nerves that will innervate all the organs of the body.

Apart from protecting the spinal cord, the spinal column functions as the root of the ribs which together with the sternum make up the rib cage, normally the spinal column is not totally straight, it has slight curvatures in the areas with more mobility that are the cervical and lumbar, these curves generate free movement of rotation to the vertebrae.

When the curvatures of the spine are very pronounced, it is said that the patient has a pathology called “scoliosis”, the pronunciation of the curves can have an “S” or “C” shape in sight, this deviation gives an appearance of lateralization of the spine to the left or right, generating an unevenness between the shoulders and the hip , thus making it difficult from the patient’s walk to the respiratory function.

In most cases scoliosis is observed in childhood, its cause is unknown for this reason it is designated as “idiopathic scoliosis”; This pathology can be classified according to the age group that is affected: if the pathological curvature is seen at the age of 3 years or less, it is said that the scoliosis is infantile, on the other hand, if it is observed between 4 and 10 years, it is called scoliosis juvenile and on the contrary when it is appreciated at 11 to 18 years old they are called adolescent scoliosis. In most cases, the gender that suffers from this disease is female, and it is incurable, the curvature is pronounced over time.

Some symptoms that the patient may present are: pain in the lower back region or lumbago, feeling of fatigue in the back muscles after sitting or standing for a long period of time, the back is directed to one side and the shoulders are completely uneven.