Scientific Techniques


A Scientific Technique is a procedure in which experimental and observational methods are used to determine objective results in terms of a particular investigation. The purpose of a technical procedure in which a systematic program is applied is to discover the scientific nature of the object or question under study. The systematic model of evaluation that is applied as a scientific technique is generally categorized and organized so that all the elements fit into a sequence of investigative work.

We briefly describe types of scientific techniques, these methods can be applied in any type of research:

Synthesis: Small samples of the content to be studied are taken and the most relevant aspects of these are determined: changes, alterations by external agents, new reactions, among others, are taken into account for a summary of effects in a given time.

–Growth: When we are studying an organism that thrives in relation to time. A chronology is put together with respect to its progress and the morphological changes that occur.

–Analysis: We study what we have, we determine a list of compounds and components that define the object under scientific study.

–Classification: The different types of materials that make up the object are studied and classified, the explanation of why the presence of these compounds in which it is being studied is sought.

–Observation: These are the methods in which the sample being analyzed cannot be altered or broken down, so it is limited to observing every possible detail of its behavior and effects on other compounds that the study previously relates. Example of this, bacteria and microorganisms that are visualized by means of microscopes.

Scientific techniques also have a scheme to follow:

Identification of the compound to be studied, choice of the mechanisms, instruments and methods used to carry out the study, determination and prior evaluation of the environment in which the scientific study will be carried out, application of the scientific technique, writing or drawing up of a report of data obtained, collection of samples if applicable, presentation of results to the community interested in the investigative process.

As technology advances, many scientific techniques have been suppressed to make way for the work of robots and automatic studies through field sensors and images that show more complete data than the human eye can throw.