In our brain there are a series of chemical substances called “neurotransmitters”, which have the function of communicating some cells (neurons) with others. If these are altered, the information that will reach our brain will be misinterpreted, because the connections have been made wrong and therefore strange ideas, illogical associations begin to appear, or you can begin to feel, see or hear things that others cannot. perceive. This whole process has been classified as a disease, which is called schizophrenia.

For some researchers, the term “schizophrenia” represents the grouping of several diseases and they speak of “schizophrenias”, while for others the term refers to a disease, which can appear in different forms and with different levels of severity, speaking these last of “types of schizophrenias”.

Between what a person does and what he thinks, feels or perceives, there is a direct relationship. This means that what we do or how we act (behavior) depends on what we perceive, through our senses, on what we think and what we feel.

The patient with schizophrenia does exactly the same, but in his case when one of the areas is altered (perception or thought mainly) his behavior will be altered. Consequently, from the outside it may appear that the schizophrenic does not make sense.

For those who suffer from schizophrenia, the sensations they experience are so real that it takes a lot of effort to distinguish between the common reality or the one they share with other people and the one they feel. That is why it is very difficult to convince them that they feel it, hear it or think it is not real, since for them it is.

The person suffering from schizophrenia can be compared to someone who daydreams, because during the dream very absurd situations happen, which for that course of time seem very true and it is not until we wake up that we realize that it was not real . This happens because the connections that our brain makes while we sleep are different from those it makes when we are awake and that is what happens with the patient, who suffers an alteration in the connections of his brain, which lead him to live a very different reality to that of others.

This reality causes them to act differently. Sometimes they get depressed, other times they act aggressive, sometimes they seem very self-centered and very continuously do not do what others expect of them or perhaps they do, but in a more or less inappropriate way. It can also explain why they may flee from a shadow or respond to a voice that only they hear (hallucinations).