Sarcasm is the form of humor that seeks to ridicule or humiliate, in some way, the receiver of the message, through the use of irony in its cruelest expression. Bitter ironic sayings are also called in this way, with which you seek to make a complaint or, well, that you are against the ideas discussed. Hurtful comments and heavy teasing, sometimes blurring the line between vulgar insults, sarcasm is, in the words of Oscar Wilde, “the lowest form of humor, but the highest expression of wit.”

This word comes from the Latin word “sarcasmus”, and this, in turn, from the Greek “σαρκασμός” (sarkasmós), which can be literally translated as “lip biting” or “lip biting”. This, as a humorous expression, is born from irony, those phrases or sentences that, uniting the tone of voice and body expression, imply the opposite of what it actually refers to; an example of this would be those people who write in public restrooms “do not write in public restrooms”. Sarcasm retains much of its ironic essence, but covers it with a different objective: to hurt the recipient of the comment a little.

In oral communication, sarcasm can be interpreted in various ways and there are a number of factors that can modify the interpretation. In some cases, if the ideas, which go against the current, are not expressed with a certain degree of obviousness, it can lead to confusion. In addition to this, the use of sarcasm can vary from person to person, due to the cultural background that it has.