Rhythm


Rhythm, in general, is the orderly repetition of elements that produces the sensation of movement, controlled or measured, sound or visual. Rhythm is taken to mean flux, flow, course; that is, something dynamic. Rhythm is a basic feature of all the arts, especially music, poetry, and dance. It can also be detected in natural phenomena. We say, for example, that a sound is rhythmic when it occurs at equal times or at different times that are repeated periodically.

The actual movement of things is what natural rhythm is based on. In nature we find rhythm in the march of the stars, in the succession of the seasons, in the life cycles of animal or botanical species, in the mechanism of breathing, blood circulation, etc., since they are processes performed regularly, in a fixed order and time. For the same reason, whenever we organize things so that there is a constant temporal or spatial relationship between them, or the intervals that separate them are proportional, we will say that they are subject to a rhythm.

The rhythm in music is the relation of sounds of a certain intensity and duration or of fixed pauses that are repeated or alternate from time to time. Take into account the regular combination of sounds and silences. All songs and musical pieces have rhythm. The pulse and the accent are indicators of the rhythm that we can mark with claps, steps or percussion instruments, depending on the duration of each sound. In painting, sculpture, architecture, and other visual arts, rhythm is determined by the relationships between visual elements and space. It is defined as a succession of lines, masses, shapes, spaces, colors or other elements that are repeated or alternate.

The performing arts such as theater, dance and choreographic dances, present visual rhythms such as the presence, costumes and movements of the actors and dancers, the shapes and colors of the stage, the lighting effects, and in turn rhythms sounds that come from the voices of the artists and the music that accompanies these artistic manifestations. On the other hand, in written prose, the rhythmic impulse determines the balance of sentences and the arrangement of words. Rhythm is an elemental trait that determines the structure of poetry. Rhyme also contributes to the rhythmic effect of poetry.