Renal insufficiency


Renal failure is known as the inability of the kidneys to produce urine or, failing that, the factory in a very low quality, since the necessary amount of toxic waste has not been eliminated in it. Although certain people continue to urinate, in most cases and patients this is not the case. However, it should be noted that the important thing is not the amount of urine, but the components or the quality that said substance presents. This kidney failure occurs when these organs are not able to properly filter toxins and other waste substances found in the blood. From a philosophical point of view, kidney failure is described as a decrease in renal plasma flow, which is expressed in an elevated presence of creatinine in the serum.

The kidneys function as a kind of “scrubbers”, since they are responsible for filtering and cleaning the blood. They are also responsible for making urine, which contains water, toxins and salts that the blood has been collecting throughout the body and that, due to their content, must be eliminated from the body. In addition to the above, the kidneys are involved in other activities such as reproduction, since in addition to making urine, they also produce sex hormones; they regulate the amount of phosphorus and calcium that is contained in the bones; they level the tension in the blood vessels; and make substances that are involved in blood clotting.

This pathology occurs in the individual when only 5 percent of the total filters in the kidney or nephrons work. The latter is the basic unit of the kidney, and it should be noted that each kidney has approximately 1 million nephrons, each of which is made up of a component that acts as a filter, the glomerulus, and a transport system, which is called called as tube.

On the other hand, it is important to note that kidney failure is classified into two types: on the one hand, there is acute kidney failure, which can be reversible, and secondly, there is chronic kidney failure, which is characterized by evolving as the disease progresses. time passes.