Reiter’s syndrome

Reiter’s syndrome is a systemic disease that affects the eye area (with the appearance of conjunctivitis), the joint area (appearance of reactive arthritis) and the genitourinary area (with the appearance of urethritis) and in some cases can cause lesions in the skin. The people most likely to get the disease are men over 40 years of age.

The exact cause of this disease is unknown to date, it is only known that most cases have occurred in men over 40 years of age, who have suffered or are suffering from an infection in the urinary tract, after having had unprotected sex. Similarly, it can arise after food poisoning or because the person has a genetic condition that makes them prone to getting this disease, especially in cases where the person has a relative who has previously suffered from this syndrome.

Reiter’s syndrome, as already mentioned, compromises three areas of the body such as the eyes, the joints and the urinary tract. On the skin it can cause the appearance of papules on the hands, feet, scrotum, scalp, etc.

Below are some of the symptoms of this disease:

  • Difficulty when urinating, and the presence of pain when doing so. Causing cervicitis in women and the appearance of a urethral secretion in men.
  • Pain at the end of the penis, increased urinary frequency, and chills are very common.
  • Slight fever.
  • Redness in the eyes (conjunctivitis).
  • Pain in the heels.
  • Ailments in certain joints such as the hip, knees, lower back.
  • Appearance of ulcers that are usually not painful, in the mouth or on the glans.

As for the diagnosis, it can be said that until now there is no specific test for this syndrome, however doctors through physical examinations performed on patients, as well as their history of sexually transmitted infections and through symptomatology, can determine the condition.

The treatment for this disease is emphasized in the relief of the symptoms that it produces, in general, the doctor recommends a lot of rest, as long as the inflammation in the joints is maintained, it is also advisable to perform physiotherapy. In cases where the cause of the condition is a sexual infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to combat it. As for conjunctivitis, there is no treatment as such, as long as there are no ophthalmological complications.

It is important to point out that this condition has no cure, it can be absent after a few weeks, or last for months. The disease can appear after several years, this usually occurs in 50% of people who have suffered from it.