The term refugee refers to a person who, for reasons of war or political harassment, sees that his life is in some kind of risk and finds it necessary to seek refuge in other countries. The refugee seeks to leave his country since, otherwise, his life may be in danger, likewise another country offers him shelter in its territory.

The individual who chooses to take refuge in another nation does so because he feels that the country where he resides does not provide him with the necessary protection conditions to preserve his life. A natural disaster, an international conflict, for some racial or religious reason, are some of the causes that cause an individual to leave their country to take refuge in another. The right to refuge is integrated into what is the universal declaration of human rights. Each country has legislation for refugee cases and the treatment towards them will depend on how they are structured.

It is important to note that all international treaties and protocols oblige nations to grant asylum and not forcibly return refugees to their countries of origin. The body that is currently in charge of providing support to refugees is “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees” (UNHCR) founded in 1949. UNHCR considers three ways to solve the refugee problem: first through voluntary return, that is, people return to their country of origin always with the company or support of UNHCR, or also They can be located in another country different from the one that gave them refuge and the one of origin, or through a local unification.