Quotient


The term quotient is commonly used in the field of mathematics, to define the result that is obtained, after applying an arithmetic operation known as division, that is, dividing one number by another will result in another quantity. This amount will be called the quotient. On the other hand, this word has another meaning and is related to the intellectual quotient.

Within the mathematical context, a quotient is the number that results after performing a division. Division is an arithmetic procedure that consists of looking for how many times a number called “divisor” is included in another number called “dividend”. There are divisions called exact, they are called that because the quotient obtained is an integer.

For example, when dividing between 10 and 2, the result obtained is the number 5, since 10/5= 2. In this procedure, 10 is the dividend, 5 is the divisor, and 2 is the quotient. If you want to check that the result is correct, just multiply the divisor with the quotient and you will get the dividend.

Now, when referring to the intelligence quotient or IQ as it is also known, we are talking about the number that is obtained after applying an intelligence test, this is done with the purpose of measuring the mental ability of an individual to then contrast with other individuals of the same age.

This test or questionnaire will evaluate the different skills and knowledge of the person under study, and then interpret the result, which will indicate if the subject is within normal intelligence parameters, or if he is above or below them.

Intelligence quotient is abbreviated with the acronym IQ. According to normal standards, a coefficient of an age group is 100. An individual who obtains an IQ greater than 100 is above the average; now, if the quotient is less than 100, for example 94 or 95, then the person has less than average intelligence. That individual whose IQ is higher than 98% of the population, is considered a super intelligent person, since his mental capacity is above normal standards.