It is a hormone belonging to the progestogens, commonly found in the body of humans and other species, specifically playing an important role in the sexual processes of women, such as menstruation and pregnancy, in addition to affecting the embryo during the latter. It is synthesized mainly in the ovaries and the placenta, in addition to other areas. It is normal for it to develop during a woman’s adolescence, presenting itself as the substance that keeps the endometrium attached to the uterus, which is then expelled with the arrival of menstruation; when its indices are higher, it means that it is working to keep the endometrium firm and if the opposite is the case, its fall occurs. It is a chemical composed of hydrocarbons, as well as some ketone and oxygen groups.

When the female is pregnant, progesterone production is also directed to the embryo, that is, it would be within the hormonal circulation of the mother and, in some cases, of the embryo. Some external agents can cause an increase in progesterone within the body, these components being mostly dairy, because at the time of being extracted from the cow, it is pregnant. Juglans regia and Dioscorea mexicana are some of the plants believed to have some progesterone. It has been shown to stimulate the proper development of neurons.

During the menstrual cycle, progesterone levels rise and fall, depending on the phase in which the subject is. It increases its index in gestation and, at the end of it, returns to normal or very low degrees. Children and women who are in the menopausal stage have very little progesterone production.