A problem is a circumstance in which an obstacle to the normal course of things is generated. Its etymology shows us that a problem is one that requires a solution. At the social level, the most generic concept of problem can be applied to any field, because in theory, problems exist everywhere. The lack of reasoning is not a decline in the orientation of the concept, for example, animals of any species can face circumstances in which their health or even their lives are compromised and that is a problem.

For human beings, the range of problems is very diverse. An individual problem is one that only causes damage or inconvenience to a single person, however, others could collaborate or participate in the search for its solution, but this is a relative variable, it depends on each situation. Collective problems are those that generally involve a community or a group of people who share a geographic space or a certain area (a housing estate, a boat). In the latter case, not only one person must focus on solving the problem, but everyone together.

The different scientific areas that are related to the study of numbers, values ​​and biological and physical terms, the problem is a tool of knowledge in which the student sees it raised and immediately from the instructions and learning obtained in class it is proposed to work it out. A mathematical problem in the form of an equation usually contains three essential factors, the variables, which are those unknowns that, through the formula, must produce a certain value.

We live immersed in problems in everyday life, so much so that from a more dogmatic and philosophical point of view it could be asserted that they are part of our being and that our purpose in life consists essentially in solving problems and circumstances that arise in life. the correct course of things. Political, religious, health, economic and social problems are brought daily to the streets and homes by all human beings dependent on a legal and intrapersonal relationship.