Preeclampsia is a disease that occurs only in pregnant women, generally occurs in the last months of pregnancy, that is, it can go from week 20 and mostly lasts until day 30 after delivery. This pathology consists of presenting high blood pressure and also shows the existence of proteins in the urine (proteinuria). Sometimes it is also usually accompanied by edema, although its presence is not necessary to be diagnosed.

Preeclampsia is also called toxemia of pregnancy or gestosis, due to the presence of toxins. In most cases, pregnant women who present this disease may be due to: being in their first pregnancy (first-timers), in pregnant women who are still adolescents and that their body has not fully developed and therefore is not prepared for a fetus develops in her womb, it is also more common in women over 40 who have complications during pregnancy since their body no longer produces enough hormones, vitamins and proteins for the development of the fetus, another reason for presenting it is that you have family inheritance, that is, the mother or sister there suffered from this disease.

It is necessary and important to bear in mind that gestosis is one of the most serious diseases that can occur during pregnancy, since the complications that this pathology entails are serious, due to the fact that the state of health of both the mother and the child is they can be seriously compromised and can even cost the life of one of the two, or even of both. The causes or reasons for preeclampsia are still not certain, although there are many studies on the matter and the conclusion that has been reached is that it may be connected to genetic, dietary, neurological or vascular factors. When presenting this disease, the greatest risk is that the baby is born with brain, lung or kidney damage. Mostly, death due to preeclampsia can be avoided if adequate and proper medical control and follow-up is carried out during pregnancy.