Poverty


Poverty is a life condition in which human beings are deprived of their economic rights, preventing them from developing as a person and possessing those material elements such as clothing, housing, drinking water and food that are clearly necessary to survive. The individual living in poverty is also prevented from accessing education, work and optimal conditions of respect between communities. However, it is a relative concept, since for some clothing may mean a basic need while others consider it as a luxury, since poverty occurs in both underdeveloped and developed countries.

To determine the social status of a community, the purchasing power of a specific family is studied, considering relevant points such as consumption income, children’s schooling, the type of housing and even personal appearance. One can speak of extreme poverty when the group of people subjected to the study cannot get the caloric amount of food necessary to live. General poverty is determined when only the family is limited to the acquisition of goods such as clothing and luxuries.

Let’s talk a little about data and percentages of world poverty: the 2004 data from the World Bank show that in Sub-Saharan Africa, 41.09%, in South Asia, 30.84%, in North Africa and the Middle East, 1.47%, in the Caribbean and Latin America, 8.64%, in Europe and Central Asia, 0.95%, and in East Asia and the Pacific, 9.07%.

The concept of poverty is constantly changing and it is likely that in another country you will find yourself with another type of poverty, it all depends on the cultural and liberal characteristics of that nation, each country has its own considerations of basic needs, therefore the concepts of poverty also vary, from here we understand the variations that each country has in terms of the elaboration of poverty lines, depending on its development, social norms or cultural values.

Every government in the world has focused for years on fighting poverty, creating social inclusion plans that encourage the human and personal development of their populations. Characteristics like this are more common to see in third world countries.