posthumous


In the early 20th century there was a revival of poetry through a wide range of currents. Among them, it is worth mentioning the Generation of 27, modernism and avant-garde poetry in its different manifestations (surrealism, futurism, Dadaism, ultraism). A revolution in poetic creation also took place in Latin America, and posthumism was one of the most original currents of that historical moment.

Posthumism is a literary movement in which rhyme is abandoned, rhythm is disordered, and ideas are expressed as they occur in the mind of the writer. It could be defined as a simple, honest and not far-fetched communication. This movement emerges as a weapon of denunciation and social reproach to the American occupation.

The posthumists united around Domingo Moreno Jimenes, and published their ideas in the magazine “El Día Estético”.

The most important character in this movement is Moreno Jiménez. This was born in 1894 in Santo Domingo. He began teaching at a very young age, becoming director of the Sabaneta Graduate School (Santiago Rodríguez) twice (1918 and 1926) and professor at the San Pedro de Macorís Normal School. He also directed the Instituto de Poesía Osvaldo Bazil (1950-1970), founded at his request in San Cristóbal by dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina. This poet in free verse is the one with the largest work, more than fifty titles, some of them are: “Promises”, “Poems of the daughter reinstated”, “My dead old man” and “Words in the water”.

His beginnings reveal a markedly modernist emphasis, although always oblivious to verbal dazzle. His first verses were published in the magazines Páginas, Renacimiento and Letras.