Porcelain


During the most distant times of civilizations, it was a priority to obtain food and protect it from the environment, where the decomposition process can begin; This was achieved thanks to a wonderful invention: clay pots. Both liquids and food were stored in these domestic devices, to keep them at a temperature lower than the natural one; This, as is well known, helps delay the reproduction of bacteria and, therefore, rapid decomposition. This practice evolved into what it is today: pottery, an art, combining both painting and sculpture. The term comes from the Greek “κεραμική”, (keramiké), the feminine of “keramikós”, a name given to the streets or neighborhoods where the potters settled in Athens.

Among the most used materials in ceramics, is porcelain. This is characterized by being quite fragile, with little elasticity, high thermal resistance, as well as a white color, with a glossy finish. It is produced by hand and, due to its great appeal, it is frequently used as one of the main materials in tableware, vases, sculptures, lamps and other decorative or ornamental elements. It contains kaolin, quartz, feldspar, as well as metallic oxides for color and amalgam gold to gild some areas.

The definitions can vary between the West and the East, since it is said that it was invented in the latter and the secret was kept very well; however, due to the admiration and appreciation it had in the West, a new recipe was designed, which emulates the appearance of oriental porcelain. This is why in the West porcelain is considered to be any translucent material, while in the East that which resonates like metal when impacted, slightly, by something.