Plastic


The word plastic originates from Latin roots, from the word «plastĭcus», and at the same time it derives from the Greek «πλαστικός» or «plastikos» composed of «plastos» which means «modeled», «pretended» or «modeled», in addition of the verbal adjective of the verb «plasso» «I form» «model» «I pretend» etc. and the prefix «ικός». The dictionary of the Spanish Royal Academy defines the word plastic in a general way as an adjective that belongs to or relates to plastic. Plastic is all that solid or strong material, synthetic or semi-dye, that comes in different presentations and sizes; that is, they are products made from organic polymers, made by chemical modification of synthetic or natural substances, starting from a raw material that can be organic or inorganic.

Among the most common characteristics of plastic are: that they are very light compared to other materials such as metal or glass; they are excellent insulators of electricity, because they are not conductors of heat; when washing or cleaning them it can be done easily and they do not corrode; they are economical thanks to their weight; most of them are transparent, more than all those that come from amorphous polymers; its main manufacturing processes are injection molding and extraction; They can be applied in different areas such as in industries, medicine, engineering, among others; and last but not least many of these are recyclable.

Almost any plastic can be easy to model compared to other materials; because while they are manufactured or transformed at some point they are malleable and soft. All of this can be achieved by increasing the temperature and then hardening again upon cooling, these types of plastics are called thermoplastics.

Plastic originated in 1860 in the United States by the inventor John Hyatt who invented a type of plastic that he called celluloid; All this happened thanks to a contest that was held at that time, where they offered 10,000 dollars to the person who made a substitute for ivory to be able to make billiard balls.