Plastic surgery


Plastic surgery is the branch of surgical medicine whose main objective is to correct different types of abnormalities, whether congenital, tumoral or involutional. With a multitude of techniques and the use of a series of tissues extracted from the patient’s own body, it is possible to reconstruct the deformity, giving it a more natural appearance. Thus, those who have imperfections that they would like to get rid of, decide to resort to plastic surgery. It is important to mention that cosmetic surgery is subdivided into two other branches or practical fields, such as reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery, although these are often called by the name of the field that originates them.

Traditionally, plastic surgery is considered to be a discipline that seeks to improve bodies aesthetically; make them more beautiful. This idea about the field, although not far from reality, leaves aside its noble purpose: to give a normal appearance to those who have suffered the misfortune of being born with a defect. The origins of plastic surgery go back to ancient civilizations. In fact, the beginnings of this are mixed with those of surgery in general. The oldest document found dates from between 2,500 and 3,000 BC, acquired by Edwin Smith in Egypt. There, a large number of medical cases and the possible treatments for them are described; in one of them, it is mentioned how to repair a nose.

Reconstructive surgery, by its art, deals exclusively with those cases that, although they no longer represent a threat to the patient, can affect their life on a social and psychological level. Aesthetics, on the other hand, is one that takes care of the needs of a person who feels insecure about their appearance, despite the fact that there is no medical risk; There are cases of people who take surgeries of this type very far, becoming obsessed with them and their appearance, in what is known as Body Dysmorphic Disorder. They, however, need to turn to a mental health specialist to guide them through therapy and prescribe the necessary medications.