Physical chemistry


Physicochemistry implies a field of study so general that it can be compared to everything that reacts, has life and manifests itself as a sustainable development in nature, since physical chemistry is a study that is done to everything that works through interactions of chemistry with movement and everything that is physical. Physicochemistry is theoretically a branch of chemistry, therefore, it represents all that application of chemistry to natural phenomena of the earth. Physical chemistry studies thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and quantum mechanics from a very atomic point of view.

Physicochemistry was born from the interest of studying the different electrical reaction systems that are manifested in chemical compounds, from this different techniques were developed to use chemical compounds studied in laboratories for the design of fuels, in many cases fossil fuels. Electrochemistry and thermochemistry, as the main fields of study of physical chemistry since, as mentioned above, led to the development of fuels and means for the use of machines that would allow the evolution of humanity, this is a very important topic when it comes to make an obligatory reference to the industrial revolution and its impact on society. The most notable studies of physical chemistry were Alessandro Volta, to whom we owe the development of different works in favor of the conduction of electricity, including the volt unit that is named in honor of him.

Much work is also owed to Michael Faraday for the contribution of physical chemistry as he enunciated the first laws of electrolysis, which dictate the following: 1. The mass of a substance altered at an electrode during electrolysis is directly proportional to the amount of electricity transferred to this electrode. The amount of electricity refers to the amount of electrical charge, which is generally measured in coulombs. 2. For a given amount of electricity (electric charge), the mass of an altered elemental material at an electrode is directly proportional to the equivalent weight of the element. The equivalent weight of a substance is its molar mass divided by an integer that depends on the reaction taking place in the material.