The action of requesting, requesting or demanding a certain person to do something is known as a request. Likewise, a request is understood as the prayer with which it is requested, the message that makes a request and in the space of law, the message that is presented before a judge. The petition is a right that every subject has individually or legally, in groups, associations or organizations to claim or request before the competent authorities, usually before public entities or governments, for reasons of public benefit, whether general, individual or collective.

The right of petition for personal benefit is that the person has the right to express courteous requests to the public administration with the intention that a specific right be examined. One of the examples for this case would be requesting an environmental license, a construction permit, a pension, an affiliation to any residential public service such as electricity, water, telephone line or urban sanitation, or any other type of procedure that they install specific effect on a citizen or a particular group of citizens. The public employee has an estimated ten days to respond to the request made, which does not mean that in those days the right must be consigned or rejected, but if at least a report on the same.

The request of legal or natural persons can be made regardless of their nationality or regardless of whether the request is made individually or collectively, they can equally exercise said right.

Technology currently allows us to make requests and transmit them through the Internet (telematic systems). This involves that the request is not printed on a paper with a handwritten signature of the interested party, but is sent through an email or through a web form. They are usually outlined to open petitions in which the applicants can join them by contributing with a series of data that prove or make probable the legitimacy of the petitioner or signer.