Penalty fee


It is called “fine” to all administrative sanctions, which must be fulfilled by delivering a certain sum of money, within a certain period. These penalties are used by the State as a tool to deal with the infractions committed by citizens day by day, in order to correct any unwanted behavior against the laws of the country. The etymological origin of the term has been much discussed, associating itself on different occasions with incorrect Latin roots; however, it has been concluded that it is born from “fine”, which would have been expressed early as “mulcta”, and which translates as “seize”.

Fines, in the legal field, are also called “pecuniary penalties”; This use is much more pronounced when it comes to initial fines, those that are resolved with only one financial transaction. On the other hand, coercive fines are the sanctions that come as a result of non-compliance with the payment of pecuniary fines and are characterized by being repeated in certain periods of time, in case they are not carried out; on some occasions, they are seen as a tool to forcefully comply with the obligations imposed by the State.

In the event that the citizen does not comply with any of the imposed sanctions, an “asset appropriation” will be carried out, a process in which the State makes use of its power and is able to have access to the debtor’s savings and finally cancel the previously agreed sum of money. This can be achieved without the mediation of a court and, in case of resistance, the person can be coerced.