It is an eating disorder characterized by obsessive attention in the choice and preparation of food, manifested through food phobias, especially those that are too salty, sugary or fatty. People who suffer from this disorder are characterized by having a fixation on the selection of “healthy” foods such as vegetables, coupled with concern about the foods that can be eaten or not during the day, their cooking and cutting them.

This syndrome has been assimilated to eating behavior disorders or obsessive-compulsive disorders, although it is not classified as such. People who suffer from this pathology can eat correctly and in a healthy way, which becomes something sick and is the main obsession of his life. The World Health Organization estimates that around 28 percent of the world population suffers from this disorder, mostly adolescents and women, it is expected that over the years this number will increase. Despite being an eating disorder, it is often compared to bulimia and anorexia, however, this is completely different, despite the fact that these disorders have body image as the main scheme, orthorexia is obsessed with healthy eating which makes them completely different.

Among the most frequent causes that influence this disorder is the current social context, which takes the issue of healthy eating to another level and increases disproportionately, affecting the behavior of the people who practice it. Like any syndrome, orthorexia has its consequences, which can occur in a deficit or overdose of vitamins and minerals, a feeling of guilt when eating something that is not healthy, devaluation and social isolation due to a feeling of misunderstanding. People who suffer from orthorexia can have a treatment oriented towards nutritionists since malnutrition can be a high risk problem since the selective process of food results in limited feeding, however, if the disorder is too invasive, psychology can help greatly as this also affects mood swings as well as causing hyponatremia (low sodium in the blood), metabolic acidosis (too much acid in the body or kidney failure) or pancytopenia (reduced red and white blood cells) .