In a general way, the word organization refers to the cluster or group of people who come together for a specific purpose, although it can also refer to an entity, company, public institution, non-governmental organization or corporation, among others, that are created by people for a specific purpose. function in particular, therefore it is stated that the concept can be applied in different areas such as education, business, religion, sports, among many others. That is why the RAE also defines this term as “association of people regulated by a set of rules based on specific purposes”.

what is organization

This term is defined as the way in which a system is arranged or distributed to achieve a series of results. It is also defined as a systematic agreement between two or more people to achieve certain goals.

In the business approach, the use of this word is very common and in that area it is defined as the administrative process, through which two or more people execute a given job in a particular external environment in a coordinated and orderly manner in search of a objective that these propose. So a division of tasks and activities is carried out where each individual also obtains certain responsibilities.

The word organization comes from the Greek “organon” which means “instrument”, “tool” or “useful”. The term, based on the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, has four possible meanings among them and as its main meaning, it is the action and the effect of organizing or organizing.

On the other hand, the term can be used as a synonym for order, arrangement, or arrangement, distribution, grouping.


The term organize is related to the action or activity of arranging and ordering various parts in the most favorable way possible. When carrying out this activity, materials, resources, functions, things and people are ordered and distributed, preparing everything not only from the point of view of development, but also on the details that the activity may have and obtain a specific purpose.

Event organization

It is the process by which ceremonies, festivals, congresses, conventions, parties or any type of meeting are designed, planned and produced, of course, each one has a series of purposes and differences.

It is different from the organization of a company, precisely because it does not seek to structure a workplace, but rather a meeting for entertainment purposes.

organization of spaces

It is a different form of structuring, since it is not based solely on business or event areas, but works based on the available space and the correct distribution of furniture, accessories, objects, among others. There is even a quite practical organization manual for those who want to venture into this type of order.

  • Organization techniques: although this is something quite new (mostly as something professional or trade) there are several tips that can be applied to improve the appearance of a place through the correct use of spaces.
    • The first thing to consider is to get rid of everything that is useless. It is useless to store objects that are not used because they only generate waste of space.
    • Another important aspect is to gather and distribute everything in a different way, to change the environment through the new position or location of objects.
    • It is necessary to establish the work, recreation and rest areas, so that there is adequate furniture in each space and not leave everything in one place and create clutter.

    Administrative organization

    When it comes to the organization of a company, this term is defined as a social entity made up of two or more subjects that work under the same coordination in an external environment (building or office) that are assigned to a specific objective by the organization. community. It also consists of a division of activities and tasks based on assignments and responsibilities distributed among employees, so that a linear organization is applied.

    In a company, the administrative organization is applied in the distribution of roles, tasks, functions and resources and this is represented graphically with an organization chart, which specifies the hierarchical level of the employees who make life in the company and what is the activity that they have assigned to fulfill responsibility.

    The term organizations is applied as a qualifying adjective for the elements or situations that tend to be related to business structures.

    For-profit organizations

    Organization - For-Profit Organizations

    It is defined as all those groups that carry out certain activities and that generate money or profits whose destination is total reinvestment or simply to be distributed by the members of the group. An example of this are the SA (Sociedades Anónimas), SRL (Limited Liability Companies), etc.

    Nonprofit organizations

    They are known as NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) they are groups that do not pursue a profit, but cover their basic needs, in addition, they have financial independence so they do not depend on any State entity.

    The funds of these NGOs are raised through private actions or donations, in addition, they are destined for the community, not for the members of the organization, this is part of the principles of the non-profit organization.

    world organizations

    It is a structure formed by all those subjects of public international law, in addition, it is regulated by a series of norms created precisely for that purpose, they have scope, presence and international members that seek a common objective. This term is usually applied to all those intergovernmental groups, for example, the United Nations or the World Trade Organization, in both, the members are only sovereign states.

    Characteristics of international organizations

    Among the general characteristics of these organisms, are the following:

    • They are interspatial.
    • They have voluntary bases, that is, they are created without any pressure from other States.
    • They have a permanent system of organisms, that is to say, the permanence of this is of political value.
    • It has autonomous will, because with the organizational process for decision-making it achieves that each member expresses its will in a legal way.
    • It has its own jurisdiction and is assigned implicitly or expressly in the treaties that created it.
    • It has international cooperation stipulated in its creation.


    Organization - WHO

    Like any organization, the international ones have a series of examples, in this case, the most famous or known throughout the world will be reflected.

    • World Health Organization: is an agency of the United Nations (UN) that specializes in political efforts to promote, prevent and intervene in health worldwide. There are 195 member states of this body and all govern through the World Health Assembly.
    • International Labor Organization: it is an organization that deals with all matters that have to do with labor relations and work, it was founded on April 11, 1919 with the aim of achieving a global expansion in the rights of Workers.
    • World Trade Organization: its objective is to help all countries that produce services and goods, as well as importers and exporters, to carry out all their activities at the international level without any problem. It was established in 1995, it has a headquarters in Switzerland (Geneva).
    • Organization of the United Nations: it was created to maintain security and peace at the international level, as well as to promote cooperative relations between all member nations, in this way, it would focus on solving global conflicts and serves as a center of support to harmonize each country. It has a headquarters in the US (New York) and has an extraterritorial regime. It was founded in 1945, a few months before the end of World War II.

    political and social organization

    Organization - Political/social organization

    Social organizations are nothing more than a group of people who come together to generate and present ideas in common, this means that they can work together on the same project.

    Politicians are those political movements intended to express ideologies of a population, specifically in public affairs of general interest.

    Characteristics of political and social organizations

    These types of organisms have a series of characteristics that make them special, these are:

    • Each member must fulfill their duties to achieve the goals of the group.
    • Each member has a specific role, as well as certain functions, so no one shares the same work.
    • They are interdependent.
    • They have human aspects.
    • They promote tolerance in thoughts and ideologies.
    • They have material objectives in the short, medium and long term.


    The most basic examples of this aspect are distributed among the Mayan and Olmec organisms:

    • Social organization of the Mayans: this society was organized in a hierarchical way and was distinguished by social classes, these were the nobility, the priesthood, the slaves and the commoners.
    • Social organization of the Olmecs: this civilization created fully centralized political systems backed by hereditary power and religion, which did not have a parallel in other peoples. This society developed stratified social organizations composed of divines, rulers, aristocracy and the people they called common.

    biological organization

    The cellular organization is defined as a hierarchy of biological and complex systems and structures that give reason to life through reductionist approaches. This hierarchy is born from the atom to the biosphere, then, the levels of organization of living matter are commonly called ecological organization.

    Organization levels

    As mentioned before, the cell organization has a series of levels that are distributed as follows.

    • Levels of organization of living beings: the composition of living beings in an organized way is structured as follows:
      • Cell: as the basic and structural unit of living beings.
      • Tissue: defined as the group of cells that perform specific functions.
      • Organs: is the union of various structurally located tissues.
      • Organ systems: it is the set of organs that work coordinated and integrated to perform special tasks, an example of this is the digestive system.
      • Individual: is the group of organ systems that give life to an organism, which can interact with its environment and both living and non-living components.
    • Levels of organization of the human body: the associations or levels form all those complex structures of the human being, but they have the ability to interact with each other to give structure to the organism and at the same time, provide it with life. These levels are:
      • Atomic
      • Molecular
      • Mobile
      • Knitting
      • Organ
      • systems and devices

    Frequently Asked Questions about Organization

    What is an organization?

    It is a set or group of people who come together to achieve specific goals.

    What is organization in administration?

    It is an entity made up of a group of people or subjects who work in coordination at a specific work site.

    What is a formal organization?

    It is the one that establishes and plans a group of rules for coexistence.

    What are the levels of organization of matter?

    They are the degrees or categories in which living beings are found.

    What is social organization?

    They are groups made up of a group of people who seek a common goal for their society or locality.