Oratory


For human beings it is of vital importance to communicate; In this way, they can express their needs or feelings. Since the days when primitive humans communicated using body language, communication has been classified as one of humanity’s most useful tools. With the establishment of various languages, speech was facilitated, which was later embodied in the scrolls, leaving a more legible trace of previous cultures. From this progress, oratory is born, whose objective is to persuade, delight and even manipulate an audience; It is an exquisite speech, but one that firmly maintains its purpose and seriousness.

Specifically, oratory was born in Sicily, Greece, with the logographers, select men who were in charge of writing the speeches that would be given in court. It is worth highlighting Lysias, one of the best-known logographers of the time. This was, for a long time, considered an effective means of obtaining importance and prestige in the old nation; However, Socrates started a school of oratory around Athens, in which he developed the profile of an intelligent, persuasive man with high ethical ideals and a high level of wisdom. In the following centuries the concept of oratory was expanded and perfected, even coming to influence poetry and literature during the Middle Ages.

Currently, it is possible to identify the types of oratory based on the number of speakers who give the speech, being, likewise, collective or individual. Among the genres of oratory can be found diverse, but the most outstanding are: the judicial, the political and the demonstrative; They all have something in common: they reject what the speaker considers wrong or immoral and, on the other hand, openly defend something beneficial. The most notable difference between them is that they can deal with issues that have already occurred (judicial, demonstrative) or, well, that are close to taking place (political).