Oedipus complex

The Oedipus complex is a definition that originates from the classical theories of Sigmund Freud. This term receives such a denomination due to the fact that, in a very famous play from ancient Greece, in which Oedipus, son of the king of Thebes, ended up murdering his father and thus occupied his position as king, marrying Queen Jocasta, who was at the same time his mother.

Freud used this work to explain one of the first stages of the psychosexual development of children, which occurs between three and five years of age, in which there is a modification in its behavior, in such a way that idealizes the mother, giving rise to a feeling of love towards her, causing her to present a hoarding attitude towards her, in a kind of competition with any other male who takes away her attention and rivals her affection, usually the father is who becomes the object of feelings of hatred and estrangement.

In the times in which Sigmund Freud lived there was a strong repression of sexual desires. Reason why the Austrian psychoanalyst understood that there was a relationship between neurosis and the repression of sexual desires. For that reason, it was possible to understand the nature and variety of the disease by knowing the patient’s sexual history. Freud maintained the belief that children are born with a sexual desire which they need to satisfy, and that there are a series of stages, in which the child seeks pleasure through different objects. This idea was what led him to the most controversial part regarding his theory: that it is nothing other than the theory of psychosexual development.

Freud divided the psychosexual development of the infant into several stages, and the Oedipus Complex occurs during the phallic stage, this being the most important moment for the development of the child’s sexual identity. This stage occurs after the age of three and lasts until the age of six. In this phase, the genitals are the object of pleasure, and therefore the interest in sexual differences and genitals appears, which is why the non-repression of this desire and the correct management of this state are of special importance, since such conduct could obstruct the child’s ability to investigate, know and learn in all respects.