In lyrical poetry, odes are all compositions intended to glorify the existence of a divine person or entity. Formerly, this was the name given to all long compositions or those that had to be recited as a song, being accompanied, even, by typical musical instruments of the time, such as the lyre. The theme of these can vary, depending on the qualities that you want to highlight; important poets of ancient Greece, such as Sappho and Anacreon, helped define the themes, these being love, parties, heroes and gods; in more recent times, Pablo Neruda and Garcilaso de la Vega helped form the idea of ​​the ode as a praise, with a subtle implication of philosophical elements.

During ancient times, three lyricists stood out and each one was in charge of cultivating, within literature, stories that recreate daily life; these were Sappho, Anacreon and Pindar. While Anacreon delighted the most powerful with his odes to wine and parties, Sappho devoted himself to hardship and amorous desire, while Pindar praised the Empire, the athletes and the military. Centuries later, writers like Neruda, Victor Hugo, Cowley and Klopstock would make important contributions to the genre.

Like all lyrical compositions, the odes reflect the inner world of the artist; these take the initiative to capture the deepest passions on a person, object or religious figure; It should also be noted that they enjoy great musicality, especially when they are recited accompanied by musical instruments. Traditionally, the odes, because they are also long, are divided into stanzas and, these, into verses; however, it should be noted that some poems could be written in prose, in the literary phenomenon known as poetic prose.