Obstetrics is one of the branches of medicine that deals with pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum, normal and pathological; also covering the psychological and social aspects of motherhood and conception; This word comes from the Latin “obstetricĭa”. The professionals who are in charge of this field of health are called obstetricians; It is important to note that in other countries the obstetrician is known as a midwife, obstetrician or obstetrician.

This professional is in charge of caring for women before, during and after pregnancy, to supervise and attend to possible pregnancy disorders that may manifest while this process lasts. Among these disorders we can mention pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, abnormal position of the fetus that can be expected only at the end of pregnancy; placenta previa, which is detected by ultrasound if the placenta is blocking the birth canal; and intrauterine growth limitation, it is investigated whether the growth and development of the fetus is normal or abnormal. This control will vary depending on the state of the pregnancy or the risk it poses. Sometimes labor induction occurs because the pregnancy is high risk for either the baby or the mother, and said induction can be performed after 24 weeks of pregnancy, although it is of equal risk to engender a premature baby.

A birth or delivery can be carried out by means of a caesarean section, which consists of a surgical cut in the lower part of the abdomen and uterus to remove the baby. Or through a normal or natural childbirth, that is, vaginally.