Numbers in English


The numbers in English as a symbol, that is, “1,2,3,4…” are written in the same way as in Spanish, however, at the moment of the numbers written in English and numbers in English, the pronunciation is totally different. . The best way to learn all the numbers in English is to include them in basic education in schools from the beginning, making it easier for children to become familiar with the language and learn it alongside their native language.

what are numbers in english

As in Spanish, numbers in English are a set of mathematical symbols that represent or express quantities. Despite the fact that at the level of symbols they are represented the same in both Spanish and English, the differences in writing and pronunciation are really important.

The word number comes etymologically from the Latin numerus, in the English language the term is written “number”, throughout the post the main basic characteristics of numbers in English in general and the best way to teach numbers will be explained in a simple way. in English for children.

Origin of numbers in English

The earliest known number system was created by the Egyptians, followed by the Greeks and Romans. However, the number system currently used in most countries of the world, called Arabic, was originally created by the Indians and carried by the Arabs around Europe through Spain and from this continent to the rest of the world.

As for the specific etymology of the names, they come from Old English, as is the case of one, which derives from “an” or four, which comes from fēower, and in other cases of Indo-European roots, such as the case of two and three, which derive from the terms “dow-” and “trei-” respectively.

types of numbers

Numbers in English - Types of Numbers in English

The numerical system can be divided into two large groups of numbers, ordinal and cardinal, these in turn have subclassifications.

cardinal number

They are represented by the numbers in common use from day to day, they are used to express magnitudes or quantities. That is, one (one), two (two), three (three), four (four) and so on. These are responsible for providing answers to the question “How many?”.

Ordinal numbers

These are mainly used to denote position or order, for example: first place, second place. An example of this would be writing dates in English numbers.

Cardinal numbers in English from 1 to 100

A complete list of the numbers in English from 1 to 1000 could be placed, however, due to grammatical rules after the number 10 they begin to establish a pattern in their writing, a table with the most relevant ones will be attached.

English numbers from 1 to 20

In the particular case of the number 1 to 12, the names are considered as proper names, from then on a series of grammatical rules are fulfilled that facilitate learning.

NumberWritten EnglishPronunciationNumberWritten EnglishPronunciation
oneOneuánelevenraiseIleven
twoTwoYou12TwelveTuelf
3ThreeZrí13ThirteenZertíin
4Fourfoo14four-teenfootíin
5FiveFaitfifteenFifteenfiftin
6SixSix166teenSixtin
7SevenSeven17seventeenSeventyin
8EightÉit18EighteenEighteen
9NineNain19nineteenNáintíin
10havehavetwentyTwentyTuen

English numbers from 20 to 100

In the following table they are expressed from 10 to 10 because the relevant changes occur in these limits.

NumberWritten EnglishPronunciation
twentyTwentyTuen
30ThirtyZeerti
40fortyfooty
fiftyFourfoo
60FiveFait
70SixSix
80SevenSeven
90EightÉit
100EightÉit

English numbers from 100 onwards

In the particular case of numbers from 100 onwards, it is different from, for example, what is observed in numbers in English from 1 to 50, since from 100 we must know only three figures by heart, which would be:

  • 100 one hundred and pronounced uan jandred.
  • 1000 one thousand and when pronouncing it would be a cause.
  • 1000000 one million whose pronunciation would be uan milion.

Now, to go from 100 to 200 or 300, you only have to change the first term, in this case “one”, for the one you want and keep the “hundred”, for example, two hundred. In case of adding a number, for example 101, “one hundred” is placed equal and “and” is added plus the attached number, example: one hundred and one.

With the thousand and the million exactly the same rule occurs, example:

  • 1020 would be one thousand and twenty.
  • 2100 would be two thousand and one hundred
  • 4240 would be four thousand two hundred and forty (separating the figures from each other with a pause until reaching the last one to which “and” is added before).
  • 1200060 would be one million, two thousand and sixty.
  • 4400240 would be four million, four thousand, two hundred and forty.

Ordinal numbers in English

In this aspect, ordinal numbers will be treated in detail, in such a way that it can be used to consult when making a list of things or narrating a series of steps or events, as well as allowing an orientation of order, that is, determining what goes first, second, third, and so on.

It is common to visualize this type of numbers in the writing of this language in an abbreviated form. In this sense, this abbreviation is formed by writing the number as such, followed by the last two letters of the word that defines it, for example, to write first, which in English is written first, it would be abbreviated 1st, for the second, second is established in translation and 2nd for its abbreviation.

Those positions that contain tens, thousands and millions, the number is written in cardinal form and joined with a hyphen (-) the name of the unit in ordinal form, for example the 22nd is written twenty-second and reads «twenty second» .

The following table shows the ordinal numbers from 1st to 10th.

Ordinal numberenglish nameSpanish NamePronunciation
1st.FirstFirst/Ferst/
2nd.SecondSecond/Second/
3rd.ThirdThird/zerd/
4th.FourthBedroom/ force /
5th.FifthFifth/Fifz/
6th.SixthSixth/ sicsz /
7th.SeventhSeventh/sevenz/
8th.eighthEighth/Eiz/
9th.NinthNineth/ nainz /
10th.tenthTenth/Tenz/

Ordinal numbers in English from 1 to 100

Below is a table with the ordinal numbers from 1 to 100 with their respective abbreviation. As indicated above, the numbers from the 20th onwards are written joining the ten, hundred in a cardinal way and the unit in cardinal is summarized in the table showing the tens.

OrdinalEnglishSpanishOrdinalEnglishSpanish
1st.FirstFirst11th.Eleventheleventh
2nd.SecondSecond12th.TwelfthTwelfth
3rd.ThirdThird13th.ThirteenthThirteenth
4th.FourthBedroom14th.FourteenthFourteenth
5th.FifthFifth15th.Fifteenthfifteenth
6th.SixthSixth16th.Sixteenthsixteenth
7th.SeventhSeventh17th.seventeenthSeventeenth
8th.eighthEighth18th.EighteenthEighteenth
9th.NinthNineth19th.NineteenthNineteenth
10th.tenthTenth20th.TwentiethTwentieth
OrdinalEnglishSpanishOrdinalEnglishSpanish
21st.twenty-firstTwenty first40th.fortiethFortieth
22nd.twenty-secondtwenty second50th.FiftiethFiftieth
23rd.twenty-thirdTwenty-third60th.sixtiethSixtieth
24th.twenty-fourthTwenty fourth70th.seventiethSeventieth
25th.twenty-fifthTwenty-fifth80th.EightiethEightieth
26th.twenty-sixthtwenty sixth90th.NinetiethNinetieth
30th.ThirtiethThirtieth100th.HundredthHundredth

Frequently Asked Questions about Numbers in English

How do you write number in English?

How are numbers written in English?

In symbols, the traditional Arabic numeral system is used, when writing them from 1 to 12 they present their own names, then a series of rules are established that must be met with the rest of the numbers.

How do you pronounce numbers in English?

You must know the writing of the same and based on this study the basic rules of pronunciation. Example “one” is pronounced like uan, “two” would be you.

What are the ordinal numbers in English?

These are those that express a position, for example “firts” which means first, “second” which means second and so on respectively.

How do you write the numbers from 100 to 200 in English?

The term “one hundred” is always kept at the end and the numbers are added after an “and”, for example 104 would be one hundred and four, in the case of 200 the term one is modified or replaced by two and is maintained the “hundred”, without adding “s” at the end.