Etymologically the term nugatorio comes from the Latin “nugatorius”. This word is used to define a deceitful situation, a fraud, deception. When an individual is in a nugatory situation, it is because he has been the victim of a deception, where they seek to be untrue without the person being able to realize it directly and clearly. It is important to highlight that frequently the person to whom the nugatory act is directed is being manipulated by the scammer, so that he falls for the farce. On many occasions this action can be carried out for evil purposes, or to make someone suffer, on other occasions a nugatory situation is used to prevent the person from going through the suffering of knowing the truth of a situation.

When the individual realizes that what he believed or thought was not true, he begins to experience a feeling of disappointment, disappointment is a characteristic of a nugatory fact, when the individual does not see his expectations fulfilled, it begins to be generated inside of the person emotions such as surprise and grief. Experiencing disappointment triggers frustration and this in turn leads to depression.

The definitions that are commonly used as synonyms of this word are disappointment and frustration, which precisely allow us to indicate the negative impact that an individual suffers in the situation of observing how what he wanted and expected does not happen or is interrupted. In the context of law, a nugatory fact is that action that invalidates a legal act.