Novohispanic


The word Novohispano is used to refer to everything related to New Spain (currently Mexico), which means that in colonial times (after the discovery of America) the Republic of Mexico was called New Spain. Therefore, all the aspects that prevailed during that stage were part of Novo Hispanismo. For example, New Spain culture, New Spain literature, etc.

The province of New Spain, was part of the Spanish monarchy, founded in 1812 and despite bearing that name, it did not include the region of the former Viceroyalty of New Spain, it only included the territories of the State of Mexico, Puebla, Michoacán, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tlaxcala and Queretaro.

This province had Mexico City as its capital, which was governed by a political chief, appointed by the king.

New Spain’s society was strongly differentiated in a racial, ethnic and social way. Where the race of peninsulares were those who held the best political and administrative positions, while the criollos (children of Spaniards born in America) were not taken into account. In the next position were the indigenous people who work in all kinds of activities: mining, agriculture or livestock. And last were the slaves, who were people of color brought from Africa to perform the most burdensome tasks.

The culture of New Spain was influenced by religion, since it was dominated by the church and was the absolute heritage of Spaniards and Creoles. It was particularly a mestizo culture, which provided great contributions in the area of ​​architecture, poetry, plastic arts, music, etc.

It is important to point out that New Spain architecture was characterized by constructions of a religious nature, with a plurality of styles. An example is the Cathedral of Mexico.