Necessity is understood as the irrepressible impulse that causes causes to proceed unequivocally in a certain sense or manner. This is a word that has several uses and meanings in different fields and may or may not be related; Another use of it is to describe the sensation of lack or scarcity that human beings experience, and which they want to fully satisfy, among these are hunger, cold, affection, among many others.

what is a need

This term is defined as a state of being in which there is a lack of a certain element, which is essential for a person to be able to live in a dignified way or with totally full bodily, spiritual and emotional well-being.

This term differs widely from desires because if they are not satisfied, the results are completely obvious negative situations, an example of this is the dysfunction of a vital organ that, when failing and not being attended to in time, can cause the death of the subject.

There are also physiological needs, including nourishment, hydration and even breathing, but there are also those of a psychological nature related to the affective approach, for example, love, self-esteem, acceptance, among others.

This word is also defined as the clear expression of what a living being requires in order to be preserved and developed. According to experts in psychology, the term is defined as a feeling that is linked or linked to survival and, in turn, to lack, so it should be associated with the effort focused on suppressing that fault and satisfying it to correct the deficiency. situation.

The synonym of need is fatality, but terms such as poverty, drowning, hunger, hardship, among others, are also involved.

Etymologically, this word comes from the Latin necessitas, whose meaning refers to a state of deficiencies that must be satisfied to guarantee the life of a certain being.

Human needs

Abraham Maslow created a pyramid known as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, where he classifies the needs of human beings. This comprises five levels or steps, where in the first level are the basic needs of the human being or physiological, which are breathing, sleeping, eating, sex, among others.

Then the second level exposes the security or protection needs, among these, are physical, employment, housing, moral security, etc. At the next level are the affiliation or social needs such as friendship, affection, among others; then recognition needs, which are trust, self-recognition, respect, etc.

Finally, the last rung of Maslow’s pyramid of needs, includes the needs of self-realization, this is the top of the needs, here the human being can do what he feels gifted for.

Basic needs

It is one of Maslow’s needs in which allusion is made to all those minimal and indispensable elements or tools that living beings need in order to live. Some are specific to humanity, so they can be shared by the entire species to other cultures or, alternatively, to historical periods.

These primary needs tend to be satisfied through strategies, procedures, and systems that are historically distinct from one another. These basic elements are simultaneous, complementary and non-marketable, in addition, they determine the fundamental rights of people.

Within these elements there is not only breathing or eating, there is also identity, creation, understanding, participation, freedom, affection, among others.

security needs

Need - Need for security

It is part of the theory of the hierarchies of needs and is defined as that which describes the desire of individuals to enjoy protection, encompassing a wide range of elements that are related to the state of order and its maintenance. The basic elements of this aspect are distributed between the feeling of being safe, of being stable, maintaining order and feeling dependent.

Many times, these elements are expressed through fear, for example fear of chaos, fear of confusion, fear of being ambiguous or simply fear of the unknown.

The main characteristic of this aspect is the fear of losing control over the environment that surrounds people, which is why they build walls or rules that must be followed to guarantee order in society.

social needs

These are those elements that give an individual social values, as they provide opportunities for people to play a useful role within society. In this aspect, reference is made to companionship, sense of belonging, appreciation and acceptance. Each of these elements can be covered when establishing social relationships with other people and to measure them, you can refer to Maslow’s pyramid that distributes the elements according to the degree of importance, then, the classification would be as follows:

  • Friendship.
  • Love
  • receive affection
  • Family
  • have participation
  • Cultural activities
  • Sense of belonging and identification.

affective needs

These are those elements that allude to belonging to a certain group. We can talk about the feeling of receiving support, feeling loved or loved by other people who are key to the well-being of individuals.

The affective elements are very important in the childhood and adolescence of individuals, because from there the personality is forged and it is determined how they will be in the course of their lives. Both stages are related in growth, maturation and learning and development processes that are fundamental for the establishment of affective bonds.

Need for self-actualization

Need - Need for self-realization

This is the highest level of the pyramid and is fulfilled only when the other elements have been achieved. This aspect refers to the search for the personal growth of the individual and the development of all the potential that he possesses to achieve success.

Self-actualization represents the awareness of the existence of subjects who care about themselves and the opinions of others in terms of creativity and morality. It is the rational level and the one that demonstrates the differences between humans and the animal kingdom.

Financial needs

In the field of economics, this term is understood as the desire or aspiration to obtain a product or a brand as such. The basic objective of this area is to solve the problem of how to satisfy human needs. Finally, in a general way, the term refers to a basic factor of man, which in one way or another affects his behavior, since he feels the lack or lack of something, in order to feel better.

Needs become economic obligations when the resources used to satisfy them are scarce. It is important to mention that the economic activity is oriented towards the production of goods and services, as well as their elaboration, transformation and distribution. Its purpose is to satisfy the desires of the people by executing sufficient means for the arrangement of the maximum principles of use, but unfortunately these means tend to be scarce.

The elements of human precariousness are distributed according to various criteria, among them, according to character, that is, economic and non-economic. According to their importance, that is, primary and secondary. According to time, alluding to the present and future and, finally, according to the object, that is, whether they are individual or collective.

Special needs

Special educational needs are dynamic because they have natural characteristics of the subject and are linked to the study program that is being implemented. It is important to note that not all special needs are related to learning difficulties, because in fact, they are present when the student learns extremely quickly, which is why he deserves special and advanced education so that he learns things of advanced levels. more advanced. In this case and in those where learning problems arise, it is necessary to make a series of adaptations to improve the work methodology.

Among the examples of this aspect, are those special situations associated with physical, auditory, visual disability, autism spectrum disorders, serious behavior and development disorders, communication disorder or attention deficit, in these cases it does not matter. whether or not there is hyperactivity.

There are also mental disorders, higher than average intellectual abilities, high degrees of concentration, increased ability to solve complex problems, among others.

Frequently Asked Questions about Need

What does the word need mean?

The term refers to a state of precariousness in which people find themselves in different areas (economic, affective, human, among others).

What are basic needs?

They are those natural to living beings, in the case of humans it is to breathe, sleep, feed, reproduce, among others.

How do I know what my needs are?

These are known according to the personality of the individual, since not everyone wants the same things (except for the basic elements of survival).

What do people do to meet their needs?

They access the environment and all its tools or elements to satisfy them, regardless of the level they are at (alluding to Maslow’s pyramid).

Why is it important to address needs?

Its importance lies in the development of people, their personal growth, leaving a positive mark on society and making the world a better place.