Narration is one of the tools used in the field of literature to tell a story, describing its environments, events, characters and the feelings that emerge from them. It arose during the development of language, in very ancient times. It is one of the most important components of the field of writing, encompassing poetry and others, as it is what gives credibility and shape to the events that are allowed to expose, as well as quality.

It is divided into two types, such as literary narration, which is in charge of telling a series of events to which certain rules are incorporated with the intention of making it more attractive, that is, with an aesthetic intention, on the other hand, the narration non-literary, it is intended to report a fact, maintaining formality, but it is not required to add aestheticism.

It is characterized by narrating three events, the beginning, the denouement and the end, where the plot of the story is normally formed. The elements of the narrative are: the narrator, the actions, the characters and the narrative frame; For its part, the character who tells the story can be adapted according to what the writer wishes, so the storyteller can be the protagonist (first person), the protagonist speaking to himself in the third person (second person ) or an omniscient reporter, who is present in all events and is aware of the feelings of the participating figures, without being involved in it.

The lines of events during the chronicle also have a classification, in which they are found: linear action, in which the events are counted in an orderly and linear way; retrospective evocation, in which the returns to the past are very frequent; anticipations, where the reader is shown what will happen in the future; in mediae res, where the story begins in the middle, we go back to the past to detail the events that happened before, and then we continue to the end; finally, the counterpoint, in which different acts are presented that apparently have no relationship, so the reader must draw the connections.

Its structure can be open or closed; in the first it is observed that the story has an end, but in the second it does not, the reader can imagine it. The characters can be real or fictional, just as they can be classified as main or secondary; They can also be evaluated for their psychological nature, that is, their psychic traits in addition to their physical ones. As for the narrative framework, it marks the time and space in which the anecdote takes place; time defines the order of events, and is subdivided into internal, in which the speed or slowness with which the events unfold is perceived, and external, where the year or time in which the incidents occur is exposed ; the space, where the action takes place.