Multiculturalism refers to the existence of different cultures in the same geographical space without having any relationship between them. It can be seen then that within a population different societies can coexist, which despite their cultural differences, coexist with each other. This situation was present in ancient civilizations. It is a social model that seeks to recognize and reduce the inequalities built during colonialism and neocolonialism, although there are still strong traces of racism that currently criminalizes different subaltern sectors.

What is multiculturalism

Multiculturalism is the presence of different cultures coexisting in the same physical, territorial or social place. It includes inequalities that fall within culture, racial, religious, ethnic, linguistic or gender.

Characteristics of multiculturalism

  • Places where people of diverse nationalities, ethnicities, and races live are called multicultural societies.
  • In these communities, people preserve, transmit, celebrate, share, and respect their unique cultural ways of life, languages, art, customs, and behaviors.
  • Currently in the different societies they are adapting to multiculturalism in a universal way, always seeking to protect the different customs.
  • They focus on the frequent unequal relationships of minorities with respect to majority cultures.
  • Characteristics of multiculturalism are often diffused in public community schools, where curricula are designed to show young people of different nationalities the forms and benefits of cultural diversity.

History of multiculturalism

The notion of multiculturalism in Mexico has existed since pre-Hispanic times and prevails today. The commercial activity that existed between the peoples who lived in Mesoamerica before the arrival of the Spaniards, placed them in a position not only economically but also mentally, open to learning and accepting different ways of life, beliefs, rites and Languages.

The fruit of multiculturalism in Mexico, was successful with the fusion of two cultures that had coexisted in the same environment. The multiculturalism that was experienced in Mexico during its evolution has not been synonymous with equality or justice.

Example, when it was determined in the dress code in New Spain, the type of clothing they had to wear according to the caste to which they belonged; the Indians had to design and put on a white suit consisting of underpants and a blanket shirt; the blacks and zambos were assigned white underpants, the peninsulares and criollos dressed in the European style, and little by little a peculiar style was created: that of the mestizos, characterized by Chinaco and China Poblana.

Multiculturality in Mexico

Multiculturality- In Mexico

The multiculturalism in Mexico, anthropology today, hosts more than 60 indigenous peoples speaking almost a hundred dialects and indigenous languages. In it, more than 12 million aborigines coexist with other peoples who have emigrated to Mexico from Central America and with groups of African origin, but also with a super population of various cultures, where miscegenation prevails, which are affecting and assuming the different customs.

In this same context, multiculturalism in philosophy, Anthropology and even in Sociology, refer to multiculturalism when in a certain geographical or social place, there are a variety of cultures that share their customs on a daily basis without any exercising too drastic an authority over others.

It is important to mention that within this PDF multiculturalism, all cultural differences are accepted and recognized, both those of ethnic or racial discrimination as well as religious or linguistic ones; and even multiculturalism is promoted in Mexico right to this diversity.

examples of multiculturalism

Day of the Dead

The people of North America define it as Halloween, in the Mexican culture it is called the “day of the dead”. In this party they put sadness aside and have a private celebration when a loved one leaves or they want to honor him. Usually, it is in the house of their relatives, where they build an altar or a “day of the dead offering” with candles, objects of use of the deceased, colorful flowers, food and drinks.

typical food dishes

Gastronomy is one of the most representative compendiums of multiculturalism in Mexico. The dishes and drinks of Mexican cuisine offer a variety of flavors and origins that are products of cultural miscegenation.

Frequently Asked Questions about Multiculturality

What is multiculturalism examples?

Multiculturalism refers to the coexistence of different civilizations in the same geographical space. For example, in Mexico there are 11 different languages ​​that are derived from the country’s many native ethnic groups, such as the Mayans and Purépecha. Another example considered is the United States in the state of California specifically on the west coast, where multiculturalism can be affected with the famous Italian and Chinese neighborhoods.

What is multiculturalism and interculturality?

Multiculturalism is the coexistence or exchange of several cultures in the same place, while interculturality refers to horizontal communication between groups of people, based on the recognition of the identity of each culture.

What is the role of multiculturalism in society?

  • Promote comprehension and understanding between diverse cultures.
  • Admit the diversity of all cultures in all areas and spaces.
  • Accept, echo and respect the right to diversity.
  • Maintain an exchange of respect and tolerance between communities.
  • Share different cultures in harmony and peace.

What is multiculturalism in ethics?

Multiculturalism in ethics is the movement of the multiplicity of cultures that coexist in a given place respecting ethical thought and conduct. Facilitating interpersonal relationships based on good and evil, respect for diversity and its inequalities within a society.

What are the values ​​of multiculturalism?

Among the values ​​that should be considered for the study of the problems of societies are: equity, humanism, democracy, solidarity, ecology, pacifism, tolerance and respect. All these values ​​are governed by the behavior of people and social groups, and they also allow us to assume a certain vision of the world.