Modernism


This movement was known in Spanish as modernism, but in other languages ​​it was called art nouveau, modern style and Jugendstil, for example. Moreover, in each country, modernism had its own characteristics.

In the field of religion, modernism was a theological movement of the late nineteenth century that attempted to reconcile Christian doctrine with the science and philosophy of the time. To this end, it is dedicated to subjectively and historically interpreting religious content, considering it as a human product within a historical context.

Modernism had its origin in 1880 in Latin America; It was the first movement within this art that acquired such force that it would infect many countries, counting the main centers of literary creation in Europe, as well as Spain and France. The main reference of this movement was Rubén Darío, a poet born in Nicaragua.

The objective of this new literary style was to get rid of the Spanish models and to base itself mainly on subversive current models such as French symbolism and Parnassianism. Some of the authors most followed by the modernists were Théophile Gautier, Paul Verlaine, Walt Whitman and Edgar Allan Poe.

Modernism in art was a current of artistic renewal that developed between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, which coincided with the end of the century and the period known as the Belle Époque. His fundamental intention was to create a new art that declared its freedom and modernity in relation to the dominant molds in the artistic institution of the moment, especially historicism and eclecticism and realism and impressionism.

In literature, it was a movement that developed mainly between 1890 and 1910, in Latin America and Spain. As such, he proposed to renew poetry and prose in formal terms. It was characterized by the preciousness in the use of language, the search for formal perfection and the use of images of a plastic nature, with an emphasis on the senses and colors; For a cosmopolitan sensibility and a taste for the exotic, mythology and eroticism. The topics he tackled could range from melancholy and boredom to life, vitality and love.

And in the Christian religion it was called the religious movement of an intellectual nature that, at the end of the 19th century, proposed putting the doctrine of Jesus Christ in tune with the times in philosophical and scientific terms.

In this sense, he affirmed that the religious contents did not have to be read to the letter, but favored a subjective and sentimental interpretation of them, according to history. Hence, it was a fundamentally renewing and reforming movement of the institution of the Church, and was considered, at the time, as a heretical movement, trying to transform the sacred legacy of Jesus Christ.